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Table 1 Induction of labour methods; hierarchy of comparisons[2]

From: Methods of induction of labour: a systematic review

(1) placebo/no treatment
(2) vaginal prostaglandin E2
(3) intracervical prostaglandin E2
(4) intravenous oxytocin
(5) amniotomy
(6) intravenous oxytocin with amniotomy
(7) vaginal misoprostol
(8) oral misoprostol
(9) mechanical methods including extra-amniotic Foley catheter
(10) membrane sweeping
(11) extra-amniotic prostaglandins
(12) intravenous prostaglandins
(13) oral prostaglandins, excluding misoprostol
(14) mifepristone
(15) oestrogens with or without amniotomy
(16) corticosteroids
(17) relaxin
(18) hyaluronidase
(19) castor oil, bath, and/or enema
(20) acupuncture
(21) breast stimulation
(22) sexual intercourse
(23) homoeopathic methods
(24) isosorbide mononitrate
(25) buccal or sublingual misoprostol
(26) hypnotic relaxation