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Table 2 Unadjusted (panel A) and adjusted (panel B) regression models predicting the combined endpoint of retention in care and viral suppression during the first 12 months on ART

From: Systemic delays in the initiation of antiretroviral therapy during pregnancy do not improve outcomes of HIV-positive mothers: a cohort study

  (A) Unadjusted associations (B) Adjusted associations *
  RR 95% CI p-value RR 95% CI p-value
Patient age       
<25 years 1.0 (ref)   1.0 (ref)  
25-30 years 1.09 0.95-1.27 0.212 1.10 0.95-1.28 0.192
>30 years 1.19 1.03-1.39 0.019 1.20 1.03-1.39 0.018
Gestation at screening       
<24 weeks 1.0 (ref)   1.0 (ref)  
24-28 weeks 0.99 0.86-1.13 0.875 0.95 0.81-1.10 0.476
29-32 weeks 0.97 0.84-1.13 0.722 0.93 0.78-1.10 0.391
>32 weeks 0.97 0.80-1.18 0.768 0.92 0.73-1.16 0.466
Delay from screening to ART initiation       
<14 days 1.0 (ref)   1.0 (ref)  
14-20 days 0.95 0.80-1.12 0.549 0.96 0.81-1.14 0.655
21-27 days 0.97 0.80-1.18 0.777 0.95 0.77-1.17 0.654
28-34 days 1.07 0.90-1.26 0.448 1.04 0.85-1.26 0.708
>35 days 0.89 0.72-1.03 0.264 0.86 0.67-1.09 0.206
  1. Associations are shown as risk ratios (RR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI).
  2. * Adjusted associations are adjusted for all covariates shown.