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Table 2 Weighted percentage points and unadjusted odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) for at least 1 antenatal care visit by sociodemographic characteristics of the participants and survey year, Ethiopia

From: Disparities in the use of antenatal care service in Ethiopia over a period of fifteen years

Characteristics 2000   2005   2011  
Number % Crude OR (95% CI) Number % Crude OR (95% CI) Number % Crude OR (95% CI)
Residence 7928    7277    7880   
 Urban 890 67.2 7.3(6.3,8.5)c 630 69.7 7.2(6.0,8.6)c 1167 76.5 5.6(4.8,6.5)c
 Rural 7038 21.9 1 6647 24.3 1 6713 36.8 1
Region 7928    7276    7883   
 Tigray 536 36.9 2.2(1.8,2.7)c 479 37.4 1.5(1.2,1.9)c 529 64.5 2.7(2.2,3.3) c
 Amhara 2219 18.8 1 1851 26.7 1 1972 40.3 1
 Oromiya 3044 27.7 1.6(1.3,2.0) c 2713 25.2 0.9(0.8,1.1) 3116 39.5 1.0(0.9,1.1)
 SNNPR 1674 28.3 1.8(1.5,2.2) c 1624 31.2 1.3(1.1,1.6)b 1631 40.5 1.0(0.9,1.2)
 Afar, Harari, Somali 183 23.5 1.7(1.4,2.0) c 369 10.3 0.7(0.5,0.8)c 295 30.2 0.6(0.5,0.8)b
 Ben-Gumuz, Gambela 103 31.1 2.2(1.8,2.7) c 90 27.8 1.3(1.1,1.6)b 123 44.7 1.2(0.8,1.7)
 Addis Ababa, Dire Dawa 169 78.7 10.1(8.1,12.5) c 150 82.7 7.3(5.8,9.1)c 217 90.3 13.7(8.7,21.7)c
Economic status 7502    7276    7881   
 Poorest 1577 17.7 1 1518 13.5 1 1737 25.1 1
 Poorer 1932 19.8 1.2(1.0,1.4) 1547 19.3 1.5(1.3,1.9)c 1694 35.0 1.6(1.4,1.9)c
 Middle 1107 16.4 0.9(0.7,1.1) 1581 25.7 2.2(1.8,2.7)c 1626 37.9 1.8(1.6,2.1) c
 Richer 1450 26.8 1.7(1.4,2.0)c 1441 30.7 2.8(2.4,3.4)c 1494 47.1 2.7(2.3,3.1) c
 Richest 1436 55.8 5.9(5.0,7.0)c 1189 58.8 9.1(7.6,11.0)c 1330 76.4 9.7(8.2,11.4) c
Education 7927    7277    7881   
 No education 6517 21.3 1 5712 22.4 1 5249 33.9 1
 Primary 994 45.5 3.1(2.7,3.5)c 1200 39.8 2.3(2.0,2.6)c 2266 55.3 2.4(2.2,2.7) c
 Secondary and higher 416 71.6 9.3(7.5,11.7)c 365 81.4 15.2(11.6,19.9)c 366 91.3 20.0(13.9,28.9) c
Age 7928    7275    7882   
 15-24 2192 27.1 1.2(1.1,1.4)b 1902 30.8 1.5(1.3,1.7)c 2009 47.1 1.4(1.2,1.6) c
 25-34 3493 29.3 1.4(1.2,1.5)c 3378 29.6 1.4(1.2,1.6)c 3852 42.5 1.2(1.04,1.3)b
 35+ 2243 23.3 1 1995 23.4 1 2021 38.7 1
Religion 7578    7018    7628   
 Protestant 1227 25.3 1 1402 29.4 1 1761 40.4 1
 Orthodox 4035 27.7 1.1(1.0,1.3) 3247 31.9 1.1(0.9,1.3) 3305 47.8 1.3(1.2,1.5)c
 Moslem 2316 28.5 1.2(1.0,1.4)a 2369 22.8 0.7(0.6,0.8)c 2562 38.4 0.9(0.8,1.0)
Marital status 7928    7277    7880   
 Married 7151 26.8 0.9(0.8,1.0) 6743 27.9 0.8(0.7,1.0)a 6738 42.4 0.9(0.8,1.1)
 others 777 29.1 1 534 32.0 1 1142 44.3 1
Birth order 7929    7276    7881   
 1 1354 32.1 1.6(1.4,1.9)c 1180 34.9 1.8(1.5,2.1)c 1393 54.1 2.0(1.8,2.3) c
 2-4 3240 29.4 1.4(1.3,1.6)c 3016 30.6 1.5(1.3,1.6)c 3451 43.3 1.3(1.2,1.5) c
 5+ 3335 22.5 1 3080 23.2 1 3037 36.8 1
Autonomy 7867    7234    7800   
 No 2751 26.3 1 5015 26.2 1 3495 39.5 1
 Low 3088 24.0 0.9(0.8,1.0)a 1512 25.3 1.0(0.8,1.1) 2005 39.8 1.0(0.9,1.1)
 High 2028 32.1 1.3(1.2,1.5)c 707 49.1 2.7(2.3,3.2)c 2300 50.2 1.5(1.4,1.7)c
Wife beating 7913    7269    7839   
 Yes 6815 25.6 1 6156 26.4 1 6014 37.9 1
 No 1098 36.2 1.6(1.4,1.9)c 1113 38.4 1.7(1.5,2.0)c 1825 58.3 2.3(2.1,2.6) c
  1. ap-value < 0.05, bp-value < 0.01, cp-value < 0.001.