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Table 3 Adjusted odds ratios of the effect of region and economic status on antenatal care use at different time points, Ethiopia

From: Disparities in the use of antenatal care service in Ethiopia over a period of fifteen years

Characteristics 2000 (n = 6744) 2005 (n = 6486) 2011 (n = 7611)
  AOR (95% CI) p-value AOR (95% CI) p-values AOR (95% CI) p-values
Region*       
 Amhara 1 - 1 - 1 -
 Tigray 2.5(2.0,3.2) <0.0001 1.9(1.5,2.4) <0.0001 2.5(2.0,3.1) <0.0001
 Oromiya 1.4(1.1,1.7) 0.003 0.9(0.7,1.1) 0.252 0.8(0.7,0.9) <0.0001
 SNNPR 1.4(1.1,1.7) 0.004 1.1(0.9,1.3) 0.553 0.9(0.8,1.0) 0.169
 Afar, Harari, Somali 1.1(0.9,1.4) 0.390 0.5(0.4, 0.7) <0.0001 0.6(0.4,0.8) 0.001
 Ben-Gumuz, Gambela 1.7(1.3,2.1) <0.0001 1.2(1.0,1.5) 0.096 1.1(0.7,1.6) 0.684
 Addis Ababa, Dire Dawa 2.6(2.0,3.3) <0.0001 2.1(1.6,2.8) <0.0001 3.1(1.9,5.1) <0.0001
Economic status**       
 Poorest 1 - 1 - 1 -
 Poorer 1.1(0.9,1.4) 0.305 1.5(1.1,1.9) 0.003 1.6(1.3,1.9) <0.0001
 Middle 0.9(0.7,1.1) 0.315 2.1(1.6,2.7) <0.0001 1.7(1.3,2.1) <0.0001
 Richer 1.5(1.2,1.9) 0.001 2.5(1.9,3.2) <0.0001 2.2(1.7,2.7) <0.0001
 Richest 2.7(2.1,3.6) <0.0001 4.4(3.3,6.0) <0.0001 3.9(2.8,5.5) <0.0001
  1. *Adjusted for age, education, wealth, autonomy, attitude towards wife beating.
  2. **Adjusted for age, residence, education, birth order, autonomy and attitude towards wife beatings.