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Table 2 Prevalence of maternal depressive symptoms by women’s pregnancy intentions, social support and other characteristics, Southwestern Ethiopia, 2012

From: The association of unwanted pregnancy and social support with depressive symptoms in pregnancy: evidence from rural Southwestern Ethiopia

Variables Depressive symptoms (EPDS ≥13) % with depressive symptoms P
No Yes
Pregnancy Intention     
  Wanted 307 60 16.4 0.001
  Mistimed 139 36 20.6
  Unwanted 52 28 35.0
Social support     
  Low 30 36 53.0 0.001
  Medium 253 53 22.6
  High 215 35 16.8
Age     
  15-24 171 36 17.4 0.53
  25-34 284 76 21.1
  35+ 43 12 21.8
Educational status     
  No formal education 347 100 34.7 0.02
  Primary 129 17 11.6
  Secondary & above 22 7 24.1
Occupation     
  Housewife 411 71 14.7 0.001
  Farmer 51 40 44.0
  Employed/family business 36 13 26.5
Wealth tertile     
  Poor 165 43 20.7 0.17
  Middle 159 48 23.2
  Rich 174 33 15.9
Parity     
  0 70 15 17.9 0.69
  1-2 134 29 17.8
  3-4 140 31 18.0
  5+ 154 49 24.1
Trimester of pregnancy     
  2nd 186 45 19.5 0.83
  3rd 312 79 20.2
History of miscarriage/stillbirth     
  No 462 103 18.2 0.001
  Yes 36 21 36.8
Presence of domestic violence     
  No 484 112 18.8 0.001
  Yes 14 12 46.2
Household food security     
  Food Secure 336 29 8.0 0.001
  Food insecure 162 95 37.0
Perceived work burden     
  Difficult 109 43 28.3 0.01
  Moderate 185 41 18.1
  Easy 204 40 16.4
  Total 498 124 19.9