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Table 3 Obstetric outcomes for the nulliparous women in the index and reference groups

From: Obstetric outcomes for nulliparous women who received routine individualized treatment for severe fear of childbirth - a retrospective case control study

  Index group Reference group  
  n % n % p-value
Pregnancy complications*      0.798
Yes 18 9.9 40 9.3  
No 163 90.1 391 90.7  
Inpatient care during* pregnancy      0.652
Yes 30 16.6 78 18.1  
No 151 83.4 353 81.9  
Complications during delivery**      0.849
Yes 56 30.9 130 30.2  
No 125 69.1 301 69.8  
Mode of delivery      <0.001
Vaginal 93 51.7 271 62.9  
Instrumental 26 14.4 79 18.3  
Emergency CS 26 14.4 67 15.5  
Elective CS 35 19.4 14 3.2  
Active labour, in minutes, (mean/SD)*** 356.72 183.31 325.14 169.98 0.118
Birth weight (mean/SD) 3447.50 550.44 3433.19 582.86 0.779
Length at birth (mean/SD) 49.9 2.9 50.0 2.9 0.788
Gestational week at birth 39.0 1.7 39.0 2.9 0.700
  1. *Hyperemesis, premature contractions, bleeding, hypertension and gestational diabetes.
  2. **Bleeding, and premature contractions, observation, prolonged labour, asphyxia.
  3. ***Elective CS not included.