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Table 5 Methods of pain relief among the women who had a vaginal delivery

From: Obstetric outcomes for nulliparous women who received routine individualized treatment for severe fear of childbirth - a retrospective case control study

  Index group Reference group  
  n % n % p-value
EDA      <0.001
No 38 31.9 207 59.1  
Yes 81 68.1 143 40.9  
PCB      1.000
No 117 98.3 344 98.3  
Yes 2 1.7 6 1.7  
Spinal      1.000
No 118 99.2 347 99.1  
Yes 1 0.8 3 0.9  
Nitrous oxide      0.129
No 20 16.8 40 11.4  
Yes 99 83.2 310 88.6  
Sterile water injections      0.456
No 116 97.5 336 96.0  
Yes 3 2.5 14 4.0  
Acupuncture      0.071
No 113 95.0 313 89.4  
Yes 6 5.0 37 10.6  
Infiltration      0.290
No 85 71.4 267 76.3  
Yes 34 28.6 83 23.7  
Pudendal blockade      0.010
No 113 95.0 347 99.1  
Yes 6 5.0 3 0.9  
Other methods      0.231
No 93 78.2 254 72.6  
Yes 26 21.8 96 27.4