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Table 2 Pattern of use of obstetric analgesia among obstetricians (N = 74) who provided obstetric analgesia, types of obstetric analgesia offered, reasons for non-use of obstetric analgesia among obstetricians (N = 77) who did not offer obstetric analgesia, and participants opinion on whether obstetric analgesia would offer a better birth experience (N = 151)

From: Obstetric analgesia for vaginal birth in contemporary obstetrics: a survey of the practice of obstetricians in Nigeria

Item N (%)
Pattern of use 74 (49.0)
Routinely 20 (13.3)
Sometimes 44 (29.1)
On patient request 10 (6.6)
Types of obstetric analgesia offered  
Opioids 62 (41.1)
Psychological support 60 (39.7)
Paracetamol 7 (4.6)
Epidural 3 (2.0)
Entonoux 2 (1.3)
Reasons for non-use 77 (51.0)
Fear of fetal distress 24 (31.1)
Cost 19 (24.7)
Late presentation in labour 12 (15.6)
Non-availability 7 (9.1)
Fear of prolonged 2nd stage of labour 6 (7.8)
Belief that labour is natural 4 (5.2)
Providers think it’s not necessary 2 (2.6)
Decline by patient 2 (2.6)
Fear of adverse maternal effect 1 (1.3)
Offer a better birth experience 151 (100.0)
Yes 131 (86.8)
Not sure 12 (7.9)
No 8 (5.3)