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Table 1 Case histories, including mode of pregnancy termination, of maternal deaths in Sweden 1988–2010

From: Suboptimal care and maternal mortality among foreign-born women in Sweden: maternal death audit with application of the ‘migration three delays’ model

  Total (n = 73) Foreign-born (n = 25) Swedish-born (n = 48)
Median age at death in years (range) 32.0 (21–45) 29.0 (21–42) 32.5 (21–45)
Died during first pregnancy or after first delivery 32 11 21
Early pregnancy death    
 Miscarriage 8 4 4
 Ectopic pregnancy 4 1 3
Mode of delivery    
 Unassisted vaginal delivery 13 7 6
 Vacuum extraction 6 2 4
 Elective caesarean 2 1 1
 Urgent/emergency caesarean 20 4 16
 Peri-mortem caesarean1 12 4 8
Death during pregnancy    
 <24 weeks 5 1 4
 ≥24 weeks 3 1 2
Place of death    
 Outside hospital 4 1 3
 Declared dead at hospital2 14 4 10
 District hospital 6 2 4
 County hospital 16 6 10
 University hospital 33 12 21
BMI (kg/m2)    
 <18.5 4 1 3
 18.5–34.9 44 16 28
 ≥35 5 1 4
 Information missing 20 7 13
Autopsy    
 Clinical 38 8 30
 Forensic 23 10 13
 Relatives opposed 7 6 1
 Not performed other reasons 4 0 4
 Information missing 1 1 0
  1. 1During on-going resuscitation.
  2. 2Failed resuscitation during transport.