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Table 3 Mode of birth by country

From: Why 'down under' is a cut above: a comparison of rates of and reasons for caesarean section in England and Australia

Mode of birth England (N = 5,250) Queensland (N = 3,467) OR~ 95% CI
N % N %
All Women       
Vaginal Birth 3,930 74.9 2,213 63.8   
Unassisted 3,269 62.3 1,830 52.8   
Assisted 661 12.6 383 11.0 0.94 0.82-1.08
Caesarean Birth 1,320 25.1 1,254 36.2 1.44 *** 1.28-1.61
Intrapartum 677 12.9 524 15.1 1.14 1.00-1.30
Pre-labour onset 643 12.2 730 21.1 1.51 *** 1.31-1.73
Women without a previous Caesarean     
Vaginal Birth 3,763 80.8 2,128 74.8   
Unassisted 3,140 67.4 1,766 62.1   
Assisted 623 13.4 362 12.7 0.98 0.85-1.13
Caesarean Birth 897 19.2 716 25.2 1.33 *** 1.18-1.50
Intrapartum 560 12.0 410 14.4 1.21 * 1.05-1.40
Pre-labour onset 337 7.2 306 10.8 1.36 *** 1.14-1.62
Women with a previous Caesarean      
Vaginal Birth 167 28.3 85 13.7   
Unassisted 129 21.9 64 10.3   
Assisted 38 6.4 21 3.4 0.54 *† 0.31-0.94
Caesarean Birth 423 71.7 536 86.4 2.28 *** 1.69-3.06
Intrapartum 117 19.8 114 18.3 0.90 0.67-1.20
Pre-labour onset 306 51.9 424 68.1 1.87 *** 1.47-2.37
  1. Note. * p < .05, ** p < .01, *** p < .001. ~ The odds for women in Queensland (relative to women in England) of having had the specified mode of birth, adjusted for parity, plurality, GDM, placental complications, hypertension/pre-eclampsia, and other risk factors. The odds of assisted delivery did not differ between England and Queensland when examined only among vaginal births (OR = 1.10, 95% CI = 0.59-2.06).