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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of all women with the most recent live births within 5 years prior to the survey in 14 districts of Pakistan (n = 6,266)

From: Factors associated with non-use of antenatal iron and folic acid supplements among Pakistani women: a cross sectional household survey

Variable Number %
District   
Jhelum 239 3.8
Swabi 312 5.0
Charsadda 331 5.3
Sukkur 348 5.6
Ghotki 370 5.9
Mansehra 381 6.1
Thatta 382 6.1
Rajanpur 459 7.3
Mardan 492 7.8
Sanghar 522 8.3
Dera Ghazi Khan 572 9.1
Dadu 572 9.1
Larkana 619 9.9
Bahawalpur 668 10.7
Place of residence   
Urban 1,178 18.8
Rural 5,089 81.2
Lady health worker program area  
Yes 4,538 72.4
No 1,728 27.6
Age of respondents   
Mean (SE) 29.6 (±6.5)  
Median (IQR‡) 29.0 (25.0 - 34.0)  
Age categories of respondents   
15 to 24 years 1,460 23.3
25 to 34 years 3,293 52.6
35 to 44 years 1,392 22.2
45 years and more 121 1.9
Educational status of respondents   
Above secondary 354 5.6
At least some secondary school 798 12.7
At least some primary school 910 14.5
No education 4,205 67.1
Working status of respondents   
Not working 4,326 69.0
Working 1,930 30.8
Missing 10 0.2
Educational status of respondents’ husband  
Above secondary 1,098 17.5
At least some secondary school 1,834 29.3
At least some primary school 988 15.8
No education 2,292 36.6
Missing 54 0.9
Husband's occupation   
Agriculture/Livestock/Poultry 1,297 20.7
Petty trader 627 10.0
Labourer (Daily wages) 2,258 36.0
Government service 675 10.8
Private service 392 6.3
Own business 247 3.9
Abroad 220 3.5
Unemployed 321 5.1
Others 195 3.1
Missing 34 0.5
Household wealth index   
Highest 1,239 19.8
Medium high 1,597 25.5
Medium low 1,708 27.3
Lowest 1,722 27.5
Outcome of last live birth within 5 years preceding the survey   
Singleton 6,180 98.6
Multiple 86 1.4
Duration since last live birth within 5 years preceding the survey   
Within 1 year 2,014 32.1
1 to 2 years 2,953 47.1
3 and more years 1,299 20.7
Number of live births within 5 years preceding the survey   
One 2,746 43.8
Two 2,578 41.1
Three and more 943 15.0
Antenatal services by type of providers   
Health professionals 3,931 62.7
Untrained providers 109 1.7
No services 2,094 33.4
Missing 132 2.1
  1. ‡Inter-quartile range.