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Table 2 Demographic and socio-economic characteristics of cases and controls

From: Birth attendance and magnitude of obstetric complications in Western Kenya: a retrospective case–control study

Variable Cases (N = 294) Controls (N = 289) p-value
Age n % n %  
< 18 yrs 12 4.1 18 6.3 0.241
19-24 yrs 100 33.9 95 33.0 0.770
25-29 yrs 115 39.0 107 37.2 0.603
30 yrs and over 67 22.7 69 24.0 0.659
Number of pregnancies and miscarriages      
1 62 21.1 64 22.2 0.697
2 75 25.4 75 26.0 0.922
3 50 16.9 42 14.6 0.402
4 82 27.8 82 28.5 0.946
>4 25 8.5 27 9.4 0.948
Median No. of pregnancies (Range) 3.0 (1,14) 3.0 (1,12)  
Mean No. of pregnancies (95% CI) 3.3 (3.1, 3.6) 3.2 (3.0, 3.4) 0.443
Marital status      
Unmarried/single 28 9.5 28 9.7 0.957
Married 259 87.8 248 86.1 0.357
Divorced/separated/widowed 7 2.4 14 4.8 0.280
Highest level of schooling      
No education 38 12.9 38 13.2 0.962
Primary incomplete 76 25.8 84 29.2 0.468
Primary complete 57 19.3 71 24.7 0.142
Secondary incomplete 53 18.0 49 17.0 0.705
Secondary complete 41 13.9 35 12.2 0.49
Tertiary (complete) 27 9.2 13 4.5 0.024
Religion      
Catholic 79 26.8 77 26.7 0.951
Protestant/other Christian 195 66.1 202 70.1 0.351
Muslim 11 3.7 4 1.4 0.072
No religion 7 2.4 4 1.4 0.376
Main occupation      
Self employed 67 22.7 42 14.6 0.011
Farming/agriculture 138 46.8 146 50.7 0.385
Skilled labour 21 7.1 28 9.7 0.268
Unskilled labour 25 8.5 33 11.5 0.239
Professionals e.g. teacher, engineer etc. 27 9.2 17 5.9 0.131
Not employed/housemaid/student 14 4.7 21 7.3 0.203
Type of wall material      
Mud/Earth 228 77.8 240 83.0 0.112
Bricks 57 19.5 41 14.2 0.09
Blocks 8 2.7 6 2.1 0.607
Other (stones,wood,iron) 0 0 2 0.4 0.314