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Table 6 Proportion of women who reported disrespect and abuse

From: Birth attendance and magnitude of obstetric complications in Western Kenya: a retrospective case–control study

Type of abuse* (see questions asked at the bottom of this table) Case Control Odds ratio P-value*
293 % 287 %
Physical abuse 52 (17.7) 37 (12.9) 1.46 (0.92,2.30) 0.105
Non consented care 77 (26.3) 65 (22.6) 1.23 (0.84,1.80) 0.287
Non confidential care 23 (7.8) 13 (4.5) 1.80 (0.89,3.63) 0.095
Non dignified care 32 (10.9) 17 (5.9) 1.96 (0.92,2.30) 0.030
Discrimination 27 (9.2) 28 (9.8) 0.94 (0.54,1.64) 0.824
Abandonment of care 32 (10.9) 25 (8.7) 1.29 (0.74,2.23) 0.371
Detention in facilities 31 (10.6) 21 (7.3) 1.49 (0.84,2.67) 0.173
  1. *a) Physical abuse: Did anyone hit, pinch, slap, or otherwise hurt you as punishment?
  2. b) Non-consented care: Were you and/or your partner asked for permission before conducting some procedures while in labour?
  3. c) Non-confidential care: Could people other than attendants hear information about you that you would have preferred to be private?
  4. d) Non-dignified care: Was anyone rude or verbally abusive to you before/during/after delivery?
  5. e) Discrimination: Did anyone comment on your age, wealth, marital status or ethnicity in a way that seemed judgmental?
  6. f) Abandonment of care: After being admitted, how long did you have to wait before someone checked on your labour progress?
  7. g) Detention in facilities or care giver’s home: Did you have to stay at a care giver’s place longer than necessary due to payment problems?