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Table 7 Main reason for home deliveries by cases and controls and type of attendant

From: Birth attendance and magnitude of obstetric complications in Western Kenya: a retrospective case–control study

Main reason for home deliveries by cases and controls
Responses Case Control Total P-value
(n = 294) (%) (n = 285) (%) (n = 579) (%)
Is good sign that the woman is strong 30 10.2 28 9.8 58 10.0 0.879
Fear of HIV test, C/S, mishandling of placenta 32 10.9 34 11.9 66 11.4 0.692
Preference for TBAs* 11 3.7 13 4.6 24 4.1 0.621
High transport costs 57 19.4 65 22.8 122 21.1 0.313
Rude or uncooperative H/facility staff 63 21.4 59 20.7 122 21.1 0.83
Poor quality care in health facilities 14 4.8 24 8.4 38 6.6 0.075
High delivery cost in health facilities 16 5.4 2 0.7 18 3.1 0.001*
Poverty & ignorance 53 18.0 58 20.4 111 19.2 0.478
Don’t know 18 6.1 2 0.7 20 3.5 <0.001
Main reason for home deliveries by type of attendant who assisted the respondent at childbirth
Responses Non-skilled attendant Skilled attendant Total P-value
(n = 272) (%) (n = 307) (%) (n = 579) (%)
Is good sign that the woman is strong 26 9.6 32 10.4 58 10.0 0.729
Fear of HIV test, C/S, mishandling of placenta 27 9.9 39 12.7 66 11.4 0.294
Preference for TBAs* 20 7.4 4 1.3 24 4.1 <0.001
High transport costs 47 17.3 75 24.4 122 21.1 0.035
Rude or uncooperative H/facility staff 58 21.3 64 20.8 122 21.1 0.888
Poor quality care in health facilities 13 4.8 25 8.1 38 6.6 0.103
High delivery cost in health facilities 7 2.6 11 3.6 18 3.1 0.485
Poverty & ignorance 62 22.8 49 16.0 111 19.2 0.037
Don’t know 12 4.4 8 2.6 20 3.5 0.235
  1. *TBAs were seen as being friendly and caring and provided complementary services such as food, warm beverages, and warm bathing water to women who had given birth. Respondents also mentioned that TBAs displayed great compassion towards women who were having labour pains by soothing or rubbing their backs.