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Table 5 Determinants of high postpartum weight retention (within the top quintile) with underweight prepregnancy BMI group excluded (n = 1213)

From: Socioeconomic disparities in prepregnancy BMI and impact on maternal and neonatal outcomes and postpartum weight retention: the EFHL longitudinal birth cohort study

Maternal and nutrition factor Adjusted ORa(95% CI) p-value (2-sided)
Breastfeed (≥3 months) 0.673 (0.471 – 0.961) 0.030*
Three or less serves of fruit/vegetables 2.005 (1.317 – 3.053) 0.001*
Takeaway foods (more than once a week) 1.006 (0.541 – 1.871) 0.986
No recreational activity with baby 1.916 (1.345 – 2.728) < 0.001*
Moderate physical activity (less than once a week) 1.157 (0.815 – 1.641) 0.415
Walking - 30 mins or more (less than once a week) 1.691 (1.055 – 2.709) 0.029*
Maternal mental health (medium/high risk) 0.921 (0.523 – 1.624) 0.777
Live with biological father/spouse/partner 0.933 (0.498 – 1.748) 0.830
Have relationship status changed 0.788 (0.446 – 1.389) 0.410
One month or more as a single parent 0.876 (0.510 – 1.505) 0.633
Have a paid job after birth 0.966 (0.680 – 1.370) 0.845
Spend time with family (less than once a week) 0.874 (0.551 – 1.388) 0.569
Spend time with friends (less than once a week) 1.695 (1.024 – 2.804) 0.040*
  1. *Significant at the 0.05 level.
  2. aAdjusted for confounding factors: maternal age, employment (categorical) and education, marital status (categorical), paternal employment (categorical) and education, household ownership, number of children under 16, alcohol intake and smoking status during pregnancy, maternal non-medical drug use, primiparity, pre-existing hypertension, year of recruitment, and prepregnancy BMI grouping.