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Table 2 Logistic regression analyses of the association between types of adult abuse and postpartum depression

From: Adult physical, sexual, and emotional abuse and postpartum depression, a population based, prospective study of 53,065 women in the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study

   Model 1 Model 2 Model 3
   OR 95% CI OR 95% CI OR 95% CI
  n_PPD*       
No adult abuse (ref) 3471 1.0   1.0   1.0  
Physical only 75 1.7 (1.4-2.2) 1.5 (1.1-1.9) 1.4 (1.1-1.8)
Sexual only 149 2.0 (1.7-2.4) 1.7 (1.4-2.1) 1.6 (1.4-2.0)
Emotional only 888 2.1 (2.0-2.3) 1.8 (1.7-2.0) 1.7 (1.6-1.9)
Emot.-physical 229 2.8 (2.4-3.2) 2.2 (1.9-2.6) 2.0 (1.7-2.3)
Physical-sexual 33 2.2 (1.5-3.2) 1.8 (1.2-2.6) 1.7 (1.2-2.5)
Emot.-sexual 156 3.6 (3.0-4.4) 2.9 (2.4-3.5) 2.3 (1.9-2.8)
Emot.-physic.-sex. 195 3.4 (2.9-4.0) 2.7 (2.3-3.2) 2.2 (1.9-2.6)
Any adult abuse 1725 2.4 (2.2-2.5) 2.0 (1.8-2.1) 1.8 (1.7-1.9)
  1. Model 1 adjusted for age and parity. Model 2 adjusted for age, parity, civil status, child abuse, education. Model 3 adjusted for age, parity, civil status, child abuse, education, social support, and prior depression. *Numbers of women in each abuse category reporting PPD. Analyzed for complete cases on all variables. N = 49,201.