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Table 3 Logistic regression analyses of the association between perpetrator status (known/unknown) and postpartum depression

From: Adult physical, sexual, and emotional abuse and postpartum depression, a population based, prospective study of 53,065 women in the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study

  Model 1 Model 2 Model 3
Perpetrator + any adult abuse OR 95% CI OR 95% CI OR 95% CI
  n_PPD*       
No adult abuse (ref) 3471 1.0   1.0   1.0  
Known only 1353 2.3 (2.1-2.5) 2.0 (1.8-2.1) 1.8 (1.7-1.9)
Unknown only 102 1.5 (1.2-1.9) 1.6 (1.3-2.0) 1.5 (1.2-1.9)
Unknown and known 254 3.7 (3.2-4.3) 2.3 (1.9-2.6) 2.0 (1.7-2.4)
  1. Model 1 adjusted for age and parity. Model 2 adjusted for age, parity, civil status, education, and child abuse. Model 3 adjusted for age, parity, civil status, education, child abuse, social support, and prior depression. *Numbers of women reporting PPD within each category of perpetrator/abuse. Analyzed for complete cases only, N = 49,102.