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Table 2 Admission diagnoses and clinical characteristics of neonates admitted to Kiwoko Hospital NICU (December 2005 through September 2008)

From: Demographics, clinical characteristics and neonatal outcomes in a rural Ugandan NICU

  All neonates Inborn Outborn
  % (No.) %  (No.) % (No.)
Sex       
 Male 55.2 (433) 55.4 (263) 55.5 (122)
 Female 44.8 (352) 44.6 (212) 44.5 (98)
Birth weight (kg)       
  <1 2.5  (18) 2.3 (11) 3.5 (6)
 1-1.4 9.2 (67) 4.6 (22) 22.5 (39)
 1.5-2.4 32.9 (240) 32.8 (157) 32.4 (56)
 2.5-4 53.9 (393) 58.2 (279) 41.6 (72)
  >4 1.5 (11) 2.1 (10) 0.0 (0)
Gestational age (weeks)       
  <28 3.0 (20) 2.5 (10) 4.2 (8)
 28-29 5.9 (39) 3.5 (14) 10.9 (21)
 30-33 11.6 (77) 9.8 (39) 14.1 (27)
 34-36 16.6 (110) 16.8)   15.6 (30)
 37-42 60.0 (398) 64.8 (259) 51.6 (99)
  >42 2.9 (19) 2.8 (11) 3.7 (7)
Admission diagnoses*       
 Infection 29.8  (208) 24.3 (109) 47.9 (90)
 Prematurity 29.5 (206) 26.8 (120) 32.5 (61)
 Respiratory distress 28.3 (198) 37.3  (167) 8.5 (16)
 Asphyxia 22.0   (154) 27.7 (124) 8.0 (15)
 Jaundice 3.0 (21) 2.5 (11) 5.3 (10)
Therapies received       
 Formal phototherapy 29.0 (148) 26.7 (84) 33.6 (48)
 Oxygen therapy 60.7 (388) 61.6 (244) 54.4 (93)
 Surgery 2.8 (15) 1.5 (5) 6.2 (9)
Age at admission/hospital course (days) Median (Range) Median (Range) Median (Range)
 Age at admission (n = 809) 0 (0–28) 0 (0–28) 2 (0–28)
 Duration of stay (n = 589) 6 (0–96) (0–96) (0–63)
  1. *Percent from among the 699 neonates with at least one admission diagnosis provided; 448 inborn neonates and 188 outborn neonates. Note, neonates could have more than one admission diagnosis.
  2. Each analysis is based on available data for that measure, as such denominators differ depending on the response rate.