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Table 2 Distribution of perinatal mortality of non-hospital births in Nigeria according to selected reproductive factors (2003–2008) (N 1= 25, 817)

From: Correlates of poor perinatal outcomes in non-hospital births in the context of weak health system: the Nigerian experience

Reproductive factors Number2 (95% CI3) P value
Parity group    
Para 1 80 39 (31.2-49.2) 0.1227
Para 2-4 385 33 (29.4-37.5)  
Para ≥5 452 39 (34.5-43.4)  
Previous mortality experience   
Yes 330 79 (70.0-89.5)  
No 587 28 (25.4-30.5) <0.001
Place of delivery    
Hospitals 4 306 46 (40–53.3)  
Woman's home 591 35 (31.5-38.3) 0.0465
Other home 63 37 (27.4-49.2)  
Govt health centre 69 35 (26.5-47.3)  
Govt health post 6 42 (17.5-99.4)  
Other public 5 78 (29.3-191.7)  
Other private 3 24 (7.4-74.4)  
Others 14 31 (14.9-65.3)  
Multiple birth    
Multiple 96 121 (93.1-155) <0.001
Singleton 821 34 (30.9-36.6)  
Birth interval    
<18 months 170 73 (61.8-86.9) <0.001
18-24 months 139 33 (27.7-39.2)  
≥ 25 months 406 28 (25.2-31.5)  
First birth 202 48 (40.8-55.5)  
Birth assistant    
Nurse 99 41 (32.2-51.5) 0.7932
CHEW 23 31 (17.0-54.6)  
TBA 231 35 (30.3-41.0)  
Family & friends 192 33 (28.2-39.0)  
Others 18 35 (20.6-59.4)  
No one 178 34 (28.4-40.0)  
Size at birth    
Big 124 33 (27.1-40.4) <0.001
Above average 173 31 (27.2-37.3)  
Average 259 28 (28.7-37.2)  
Below average 91 41 (38.0-58.7)  
Small 86 75 (58.7-94.4)  
  1. 1Total number of births.
  2. 2Number of perinatal deaths.
  3. 3Confidence interval.
  4. 4Information on hospital births were added in this table for the purpose of comparison only.
  5. 5This p value applies only when hospital births are compared with home births.