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Table 3 Odds ratio of perinatal death in non-hospital births in Nigeria according to birth attendant adjusted for a priori confounding factors (2003–2008) (N 1= 25, 817)

From: Correlates of poor perinatal outcomes in non-hospital births in the context of weak health system: the Nigerian experience

Demographic and reproductive characteristics Crude OR AOR2(95% CI3) P value
Birth attendant    
CHEW 1(base) 1(base)  
Nurse 1.34 1.42 (0.75-2.67) 0.278
TBA 1.16 0.98 (0.53-1.80) 0.943
Family/friends 1.08 0.93 (0.49-1.75) 0.817
Others 1.15 0.93 (0.43-1.04) 0.865
No assistance 1.10 0.90 (0.47-1.72) 0.752
Region    
North central 1(base) 1(base)  
North east 1.47 `1.29 (0.96-1.72) 0.087
North west 1.35 1.29 (0.967-1.73) 0.083
South east 1.78 1.59 (1.03-2.45) 0.037
South south 1.57 1.49 (0.972.27) 0.066
South west 1.06 1.07 (0.66-1.75) 0.782
Residence    
Urban 1(base) 1(base)  
Rural 1.05 1.05 (0.82-1.35) 0.676
Wealth index    
Richer 1 1(base)  
poorest 1.46 1.87 (1.30-2.70) 0.001
Poorer 1.30 1.69 (1.19-2.41) 0.004
Middle 1.09 1.30 (0.92-1.84) 0.144
Richest 1.69 1.54 (0.99-2.37) 0.053
Mother’s age    
25-29 1(base) 1(base)  
15-19 1.56 1,52 (1.05-2.22) 0.028
20-24 1.16 1.24 (0.95-1.62) 0.107
30-34 1.04 1.08 (0.821.41) 0.589
35-39 1.03 0.90 (0.66-1.24) 0.523
40-44 1.26 1.19 (0.79-1.80) 0.407
45-49 1.29 1.15 (0.67-1.96) 0.615
Mother’s education    
No education 1(base) 1(base)  
Primary 1 1.05 (0.82-1.34) 0.692
Secondary 1.11 0.99 (0.71-1.38) 0.949
Higher 1.21 0.87 (0.39-1.94) 0.727
Parity    
Para2-4 1(base) 1(base)  
Para1 1.90 0.69 (0.47-1.01) 0.058
Para ≥5 1.17 1.06 (0.81-1.37) 0.678
Previous mortality experience    
No 1(base) 1(base)  
Yes 3.01 3.31 (2.73-4.02) <0.001
Place of birth    
Other private 1(base) 1(base)  
Respondent home 1.47 2.63 (0.59-11.79) 0.206
Other home 1.56 2.28 (0.50-10.36) 0.288
Govt PHC centre 1.50 2.25 (0.50-10.02) 0.286
Govt health post 1.81 5.27 (0.94-29.44) 0.058
Multiple birth    
No 1(base) 1(base)  
Yes 3.95 3.12 (2.11-4.59) <0.001
Birth interval    
≥25 months 1(base) 1(base)  
<18 months 2.73 1.65 (1.26-2.17) <0.001
18-24 months 1.18 1.20 (0.96-1.52) 0.113
First births 1.73 2.22 (1.64-3.01) <0.001
Birth size    
Average 1(base) 1(base)  
Above average 1.04 1.03 (0.79-1.33) 0.854
Big 1.10 1.16 (0.87-1.56) 0.317
Below average 1.37 1.26 (0.92-1.72) 0.150
Small 2.61 2.55 (1.79-3.69) <0.001
  1. 1Total number of births.
  2. 2Adjusted odds ratio: The adjusted odds ratios reported here were derived from the multivariable regression analysis that contained all the demographic and reproductive variables in Tables 1 and 2 in a single regression model.
  3. 3Confidence interval.