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Table 2 Distribution and risk of Deaths within First Hour of Life for 15,117 Live, Singleton Deliveriesat Harare Maternity Hospital; October 1997 to September 1998

From: Incidence of stillbirth and perinatal mortality and their associated factors among women delivering at Harare Maternity Hospital, Zimbabwe: a cross-sectional retrospective analysis

  All Live Births All Deaths Within First Hour of Life Relative Risk (95% CI) Adjusted a,b Relative Risk (95% CI)
  n n %   
Total 15,117 129 0.9   
Maternal age      
Below 20 3,214 41 1.3 1.69 (1.16 – 2.45) 1.21 (0.77 – 1.89)
20 to 35 10,860 82 0.8 Reference Reference
Above 35 969 4 0.4 0.55 (0.20 – 1.49) 0.57 (0.19 – 1.70)
Infant sex      
Male 7,594 85 1.0 1.69 (1.17 – 2.45) 1.67 (1.15 – 2.43)
Female 7,076 50 0.6 Reference Reference
Residence      
Urban 13,915 106 0.8 Reference Reference
Rural 2,118 22 1.0 1.27 (0.80–2.00) 1.36 (0.85 – 2.18)
Prenatal care      
At least one visit 13,527 101 0.8 Reference Reference
No prenatal care 1,463 26 1.8 2.38 (1.55 – 3.65) 2.52 (1.63 – 3.91)
Parity      
Para 0 6,945 77 1.1 1.81 (1.22 – 2.70) 1.52 (0.97 – 2.38)
Para 1–2 5,723 35 0.6 Reference Reference
Para above 2 2,377 15 0.6 1.03 (0.56 – 1.89) 1.25 (0.65 – 2.40)
Delivery type      
Normal vaginal delivery 11,658 82 0.7 Reference Reference
Breech 386 27 7.0 9.94 (6.52 – 15.18) 10.53 (6.78 – 6.34)
Instrumental 344 9 2.6 3.72 (1.88 – 7.34) 3.38 (1.64 – 6.96)
Cesarean section 2,707 10 0.4 0.53 (0.27 – 1.01) 0.56 (0.29 – 1.09)
  1. a For Adjusted analysis, maternal age, sex residence, prenatal care, parity were entered in one model
  2. b Delivery type was adjusted for mother' age, residence, sex and parity
  3. * Excludes 1,049 multiple gestations births, and 906 stillbirths