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Table 4 Multinomial logistic regression of infant and maternal characteristics for developmental delay screening status using the PEDS screening tool.

From: Maternal mental health predicts risk of developmental problems at 3 years of age: follow up of a community based trial

Variable Odds Ratio 95% C.I. p-value
Path A (high risk of developmental problems)    
   Male infant 3.3 (1.9, 5.8) <0.001
   Ear infections prior to age 2 1.9 (1.1, 3.2) 0.019
   Household income <$40,000 2.1 (0.9, 4.8) 0.071
   Maternal history of abuse 2.2 (1.3, 3.7) 0.006
   Low scores on contentment/relaxation during pregnancy 2.5 (1.4, 4.2) 0.001
   2 weeks of depression post partum 1.7 (0.9, 2.9) 0.062
Path B (moderate risk of developmental problems)    
   Male infant 1.6 (1.1, 2.3) 0.011
   Ear infections prior to age 2 1.2 (0.8, 1.7) 0.434
   Household income <$40,000 1.2 (0.6, 2.4) 0.595
   Maternal history of abuse 1.3 (0.9, 2.0) 0.178
   Low scores on contentment/relaxation during pregnancy 1.5 (1.0, 2.2) 0.055
   2 weeks of depression post partum 1.2 (0.8, 1.8) 0.333
Path C (elevated risk of behavioral and/or mental health problems)    
   Male infant 1.3 (0.9, 2.0) 0.167
   Ear infections prior to age 2 1.1 (0.7, 1.7) 0.655
   Household income <$40,000 1.2 (0.6, 2.5) 0.635
   Maternal history of abuse 1.5 (1.0, 2.3) 0.060
   Low scores on contentment/relaxation during pregnancy 0.9 (0.6, 1.5) 0.845
   2 weeks of depression post partum 1.6 (1.1, 2.4) 0.025
  1. Note: Path E (extremely low to no risk) is the comparison (baseline) group