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Table 4 Multi-level regression model for the relationship of district level indicators with induced abortion in the last 12 months in the Indian state of Bihar

From: Population-based estimates of still birth, induced abortion and miscarriage in the Indian state of Bihar

   North Zone South Zone
Variable Category Total Abortion    Total Abortion   
   N = 9,029   Odds of having Abortion Variance* N = 7,033   Odds of having Abortion Variance*
N (%) N (%) (95% CI) (SE)** N (%) N (%) (95% CI) (SE)**
Null model     0.214 (0.03)     0.161 (0.03)
Maternal age at birth (years) Up to 29 6,877 (76.2) 20 (0.3) 1.00 0.259 (0.05) 5,442 (77.4) 59 (1.1) 1.00 0.155 (0.03)
30 or more 2,152 (23.8) 20 (0.9) 2.36 (1.33-4.19) 1,591 (22.6) 36 (2.3) 2.13 (1.40-3.24)
Districts based on mean years of the highest education completed by father† Lower or equal to state mean 6,304 (69.8) 23 (0.4) 1.00 0.000 (0.00) 1,945 (27.7) 33 (1.7) 1.00 0.125 (0.02)
Higher than state mean 2,725 (30.2) 26 (1.0) 2.62 (1.47-4.69) 5,088 (72.3) 62 (1.2) 0.93 (0.50-1.73)
Districts based on proportion of women received ANC check-up within 3 months of pregnancy‡ Lower than state proportion 4,030 (44.6) 15 (0.4) 1.00 0.161 (0.02) 2,619 (37.2) 26 (1.0) 1.00 0.106 (0.02)
Higher than state proportion 4,999 (55.4) 34 (0.7) 1.72 (0.93-3.21) 4,414 (62.8) 69 (1.6) 1.50 (0.80-2.82)
Districts based on proportion of urban population¶ Lower than state proportion 8,694 (96.3) 47 (0.5) 1.00 0.260 (0.05) 2,326 (33.1) 24 (1.0) 1.00 0.120 (0.02)
Higher than state proportion 335 (3.7) 2 (0.6) 1.38 (0.32-6.04) 4,707 (66.9) 71(1.5) 1.31 (0.74-2.30)
  1. *The variance here will signify the distribution of random effects and the variability accounted by adding indicator separately.
  2. †State mean years of the highest education completed by father were 5.5 years.
  3. ‡ANC denotes antenatal checkup; State proportion for women who had received ANC care was 44%.
  4. ¶The state proportion for urban population was11.3%.
  5. **SE denotes standard error.
  6. CI denotes confidence interval.