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Table 1 Changes in percentage of skilled birth attendants in the five years preceding the survey, 1998–2008, Ghana

From: A decomposition analysis of change in skilled birth attendants, 2003 to 2008, Ghana demographic and health surveys

Characteristics GDHS2003 (1998–2003) GDHS2008 (2003–2008) Proportion of gap closed 2
Number of birth (% of Total) Percentage of skilled birth attendants 1(A) Number of birth (% of Total) Percentage of skilled birth attendants 1(B)
Maternal age
 <20 411 (11.3) 48.4 333 (11.4) 52.2 7.4
 20-34 2,507 (68.9) 47.7 2,079 (71.5) 60.6 24.7
 35-49 720 (19.8) 44.0 497 (17.1) 54.9 19.5
Birth order
 1 820 (22.5) 59.9 688 (23.7) 70.7 26.9
 2-3 1,271 (34.9) 48.2 1,107 (38.1) 60.6 23.9
 4-5 822 (22.6) 41.6 659 (22.7) 53.8 20.9
 6+ 726 (20.0) 36.8 455 (15.6) 42.6 9.2
Mother’s education
 None 1,466 (40.3) 29.7 952 (32.7) 36.3 9.4
 Primary 843 (23.2) 44.4 722 (24.8) 54.6 18.3
 Middle/JHS* 1,139 (31.3) 64.3 970 (33.4) 74.4 28.3
 Secondary+ 191 (5.2) 89.4 263 (9.1) 92.4 28.3
Wealth Index
 Poorest 941 (25.9) 20.6 744 (25.6) 24.2 4.5
 Second 809 (22.2) 31.9 641 (22.0) 50.0 26.6
 Middle 721 (19.8) 43.3 549 (18.9) 64.8 37.9
 Fourth 617 (17.0) 73.1 560 (19.3) 81.7 32.0
 Richest 551 (15.1) 90.4 415 (14.3) 94.6 43.8
Total 3639 (100) 47.1 2909 (100) 58.7 21.9
  1. 1Skilled provider includes doctor, nurse, midwife, auxiliary midwife, and community health officer.
  2. 2% gap closed = [(B)-(A)]*100/[100-(A)].
  3. Note: % of Total represents the population structure.
  4. *JHS represents junior high school.