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Table 2 Decomposition of changes in percentage of skilled birth attendants, 1998–2008, Ghana

From: A decomposition analysis of change in skilled birth attendants, 2003 to 2008, Ghana demographic and health surveys

  Composition Behaviour effect  
Base Differentiation Error Total Contribution
Birth order
 1 0.784 2.911 −0.347 −0.069 2.495 28.3%
 2-3 1.741 4.599 −1.095 1.022 4.526 54.0%
 4-5 0.048 2.854 −1.019 0.929 2.763 24.2%
 6+ −1.747 2.243 −1.068 −0.142 1.032 −6.2%
Overall 7.1% 108.3% −30.3% 14.9% 92.9% 100%
Mother’s education
 None −2.508 3.322 −0.401 −0.511 2.409 −0.9%
 Primary 0.792 2.184 −0.528 0.792 2.448 27.9%
 Middle/JHS* 1.456 2.944 −1.068 1.391 3.267 40.7%
 Secondary+ 3.545 0.651 −0.315 −0.122 0.215 32.4%
Overall 28.3% 78.3% −19.9% 13.3% 71.7% 100%
Household wealth index
 Poorest −0.067 3.311 −0.206 −2.178 0.927 7.4%
 Second −0.082 2.842 −0.354 1.512 4.000 33.8%
 Middle −0.486 2.488 −0.464 2.136 4.160 31.7%
 Fourth 1.780 2.334 −0.581 −0.192 1.561 28.8%
 Richest −0.740 1.890 −0.588 −0.685 0.617 −1.1%
Overall 2.9% 110.2% −18.8% 5.1% 96.5% 100%
  1. *JHS represents junior high school.