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Table 4 Odds ratios (ORs) and their 95% confidence intervals (CI) for fair/poor self-rated health (SRH) for women with normal pregnancy and women with a history of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) in relation to life style and health status four years after index pregnancy in univariate and stepwise multivariate logistic regression analyses

From: Lifestyle and health status in a sample of Swedish women four years after pregnancy: a comparison of women with a history of normal pregnancy and women with a history of gestational diabetes mellitus

Present Life Style Fair/poor SRH (n = 43) No. (%) Good SRH (n = 386) No. (%) Univariate OR for poor SRH 95% CI Multivariate OR* for poor SRH 95% CI    Multivariate OR#for poor SRH 95% CI
Smoking 2009           
No 32 (74.4%) 318 (82.4%) 1.0        
Yes 11 (25.6%) 68 (17.6%) 0.62 0.30 – 1.29       
Alcohol 2009           
Never/≤ once/month 31 (72.1%) 180 (46.6%) 1.0        
≥2-4 times/month 12 (27.9%) 206 (53.4%) 0.34 0.17 – 0.68 0.46 0.22-0.95    0.81 0.34-1.91
Eating habits 2009           
3 main courses 6 (60.5%) 314 (82.0%) 1.0        
Irregular meals 17 (39.5%) 69 (18.0%) 2.98 1.53 – 5.78 2.84 1.36-5.79    2.82 1.22-6.53
Physical activity on regular basis 2009
Yes 13 (33.3%) 240 (63.8%) 1.0        
No 26 (66.7%) 136 (36.2%) 3.53 1.76 – 7.10 3.01 1.47-6.15    2.86 1.26-6.49
Present health status Multivariate OR* for poor SRH 95% CI
Pregnancy 2005           
Normal 23 (53.5%) 302 (78.2%) 1.0        
GDM 20 (46.5%) 84 (21.8%) 3.13 1.64 – 5.97    0.97 0.43-2.19 0.80 0.33-1.98
Born outside Sweden           
No 31 (72.1%) 344 (89.6%) 1.0        
Yes 12 (27.9%) 40 (10.4%) 3.33 1.58 – 7.00    2.61 1.00- 6.77 2.21 0.78-6.24
Body Mass Index 2009           
≤24.99 9 (22.0%) 268 (72.6%) 1.0        
25.0 – 29.99 15 (36.6%) 69 (18.7%) 6.47 2.72 – 15.42    5.25 2.14- 12.86 5.95 2.24-15.83
≥30.0 17 (41.5%) 32 (8.7%) 15.82 6.51 – 38.42    9.94 3.76- 26.29 11.40 3.78-34.34
Sick leave for more than one week since 2005
No 23 (54.8%) 305 (79.4%) 1.0        
Yes 19 (45.2%) 79 (20.6%) 3.19 1.66 – 6.15    1.80 0.84- 3.85 1.12 0.47-2.65
Medical treatment on regular basis 2009
No 20 (46.5%) 314 (81.3%) 1.0        
Yes 23 (53.5%) 72 (18.7%) 5.02 2.61 – 9.62    2.97 1.39-6.37 3.18 1.38-7.36
Diabetes diagnosis 2009           
No 40 (93.0%) 371 (96.1%) 1.0        
Yes 3 (7.0%) 15 (3.9%) 1.86 0.52 – 6.68       
  1. *Significant variables in the univariate analysis of life style and health status respectively were entered in a stepwise manner. Only last step of stepwise multiple regression analysis is presented. #Variables included in the final analysis: alcohol 2009, eating habits 2009, physical activity on regular basis 2009, pregnancy 2005, born outside Sweden, Body Mass Index 2009, and medical treatment on regular basis 2009.