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Table 2 Multivariable analysis of adverse outcomes associated with GWG (below versus above IOM limits) in obese women with GDM

From: Impact of gestational weight gain on obstetric and neonatal outcomes in obese diabetic women

Adverse outcomes GWG below IOM limits (<5 kg) GWG above IOM limits (>9 kg)
aOR (95 % CI) p value aOR (95 % CI) p value
Cesarean sectiona 0.67 (0.54–0.85) 0.001 1.31 (1.07–1.61) 0.009
LGAb 0.39 (0.28–0.57) <0.001 2.32 (1.76–3.04) <0.001
Macrosomiab 0.34 (0.21–0.55) <0.001 2.39 (1.68–3.38) <0.001
SGAb 2.14 (1.36–3.35) 0.001 0.53 (0.31–0.88) 0.015
Low Apgar scorea 0.14 (0.01–1.33) >0.05 4.79 (1.19–19.21) 0.027
Admission to the intensive unit carea 1.38 (0.71–2.68) >0.05 0.81 (0.42–1.54) >0.05
  1. aAdjusted for: age, parity, prepregnancy BMI, use of insulin, gestational age at delivery and birthweight (except for the aORs of the outcomes LGA, macrosomia and SGA)
  2. bAdjusted for: age, parity, prepregnancy BMI, use of insulin, gestational age at delivery