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Table 1 Individual, household, community level characteristics and rates (%) of initiation of breastfeeding within one hour of child birth, Nigeria 2013 (N = 11851)

From: Determinants of early initiation of breastfeeding in Nigeria: a population-based study using the 2013 demograhic and health survey data

Characteristics Total Initiation of breastfeeding within 1 h of birth
  Na %b n c %d 95 % CI p valuee
Individual level factors       
Mother’s age at birth       
<=19 1661 14.0 526 30.3 (28.2–32.5) <0.001
20–24 2953 24.9 1002 34.0 (32.3–35.7)  
25–29 3237 27.3 1190 36.3 (34.6–36.9)  
30–34 2119 17.9 772 36.8 (34.7–38.8)  
> = 35 1881 15.9 649 35.1 (32.9–37.2)  
Mothers education       
No education 5379 45.4 1702 30.0 (28.8–31.2) <0.001
Primary 2290 19.3 789 36.8 (34.8–38.9)  
Secondary and above 4182 35.3 1647 40.2 (38.7–41.7)  
Birth order       
1st 2331 19.7 774 32.5 (30.6–34.4) 0.013
2nd–3rd 3807 32.1 1392 36.2 (34.7–37.7)  
4th and above 5713 48.2 1972 34.7 (33.5–35.9)  
ANC visit (n = 11553)       
0 3837 33.2 1083 27.6 (26.1–28.9) <0.001
1–3 1573 13.6 580 36.8 (34.4–39.1)  
4+ 6143 53.2 2343 38.3 (37.1–39.6)  
Place of delivery (n = 11846)       
Home 7339 62.0 2266 30.4 (29.4–31.5) <0.001
Health facility 4507 38.0 1872 42.0 (40.5–43.4)  
Mode of delivery (n = 11771)       
Vaginal delivery 11508 97.8 4057 35.1 (34.2–35.9) <0.001
Caesarean section 263 2.2 56 22.4 (17.1–27.4)  
Sex of child       
Male 6021 50.8 2076 34.7 (33.5–36.0) 0.985
Female 5830 49.2 2062 34.8 (33.5–36.0)  
Size of child at birth (n = 11791)       
Small 1811 15.4 536 29.5 (27.4–31.6) <0.001
Average 4776 40.5 1608 33.3 (32.0–34.7)  
Large 5204 44.1 1977 37.9 (27.4–31.6)  
Birth type       
Singleton 11654 98.3 4081 34.9 (34.0–35.7) 0.046
Twin/mutiple 197 1.7 57 27.9 (21.8–34.1)  
Mothers occupation (n = 11789)       
Not working 3704 31.4 1368 36.6 (35.0–38.1) <0.001
Agricultural 1341 11.4 461 37.6 (34.9–40.3)  
Sales and others 6744 57.2 2295 33.3 (32.2–34.4)  
Household level factors       
Wealth Index       
Poorest 2618 22.1 646 23.4 (21.8–25.0) <0.001
Poorer 2754 23.2 849 31.3 (29.5–33.0)  
Middle 2368 20.0 854 37.9 (35.9–39.9)  
Richer 2207 18.6 932 43.5 (41.4–45.6)  
Richest 1904 16.1 858 41.9 (39.8–44.1)  
Community level factors       
Type of place of residence       
Urban 3908 33.0 1766 41.9 (40.4–43.4) <0.001
Rural 7943 67.0 2372 30.8 (29.8–31.8)  
Zone       
North Central 1739 14.7 790 48.3 (45.8–50.7) <0.001
North East 2420 20.4 816 39.9 (37.8–42.1)  
North West 3699 31.2 1171 26.9 (25.6–28.2)  
South East 1076 9.1 374 34.5 (31.7–37.4)  
South South 1431 12.1 506 45.1 (42.2–48.0)  
South West 1486 12.5 480 28.7 (26.5–30.8)  
Overall 11851 100.0 4138 34.7 (33.9–35.6)  
  1. aUnweighted case numbers (the numbers and percentages reported are unweighted to facilitate reading as weighted count (frequency) will be in decimal points generated by the software). bUnweighted column %, cWeighted case numbers, d Weighted row %. eChi square test was applied to test statistical significance