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Table 2 Factors associated with early initiation of breastfeeding, Nigeria, 2013

From: Determinants of early initiation of breastfeeding in Nigeria: a population-based study using the 2013 demograhic and health survey data

Characteristic Initiation of breastfeeding within 1 h of birth
  Unadjusted OR Adjusted OR
  OR 95%CI p value AOR 95%CI p value
Mother’s age at birth       
<=19 1.00   1.00  
20–24 1.18 (1.01–1.39) 0.042 0.95 (0.79–1.14) 0.547
25–29 1.31 (1.10–1.55) 0.002 1.10 (0.89–1.36) 0.359
30–34 1.33 (1.12–1.59) 0.001 1.08 (0.85–1.36) 0.535
> = 35 1.24 (1.04–1.47) 0.017 1.07 (0.84–1.38) 0.570
Mothers education       
No education 1.00   1.00  
Primary 1.36 (1.18–1.57) <0.001 0.99 (0.85–1.16) 0.928
Secondary and above 1.57 (1.37–1.79) <0.001 1.02 (0.86–1.21) 0.801
Birth order       
1st 1.00   1.00  
2nd–3rd 1.18 (1.02–1.35) 0.024 1.25 (1.06–1.46) 0.007
4th and above 1.10 (0.98–1.25) 0.121 1.26 (1.05–1.51) 0.013
ANC visit       
0 1.00   1.00  
1–3 1.53 (1.41–1.90) <0.001 1.08 (0.89–1.30) 0.425
4+ 1.64 (1.27–1.84) <0.001 1.07 (0.91–1.27) 0.419
Place of delivery       
Home 1.00   1.00  
Health facility 1.65 (1.47–1.86) <0.001 1.40 (1.22–1.60) <0.001
Mode of delivery       
Caesarean section 1.00   1.00  
Vaginal delivery 1.88 (1.31–2.71) 0.001 3.08 (2.14–4.46) <0.001
Size of child at birth       
Small 1.00   1.00  
Average 1.20 (1.04–1.38) 0.015 1.07 (0.93–1.24) 0.348
Large 1.45 (1.25–1.70) <0.001 1.19 (1.03–1.39) 0.023
Birth type       
Twin/mutiple 1.00 1.00  
Singleton 1.37 (0.96–1.97) 0.078 1.33 (0.92–1.92) 0.133
Mothers occupation       
Not working 1.00 1.00
Agricultural 1.04 (0.87–1.26) 0.650 0.90 (0.73–1.12) 0.359
Sales and others 0.87 (0.78–0.96) 0.008 0.81 (0.71–0.91) 0.001
Wealth Index       
Poorest 1.00 1.00
Poorer 2.37 (1.90–2.95) <0.001 1.41 (1.15–1.73) 0.001
Middle 2.51 (2.06–3.09) <0.001 1.61 (1.27–2.04) <0.001
Richer 2.00 (1.62–2.48) <0.001 2.01 (1.57–2.58) <0.001
Richest 1.49 (1.22–1.83) <0.001 1.92 (1.42–2.59) <0.001
Type of place of residence       
Rural 1.00   1.00  
Urban 1.62 (1.43–1.85) <0.001 1.46 (1.23–1.75) <0.001
Zone       
North West 1.00   1.00  
North East 1.81 (1.48–2.20) <0.001 1.69 (1.38–2.07) <0.001
North Central 2.53 (2.09–3.06) <0.001 1.93 (1.56–2.39) <0.001
South East 1.43 (1.13–1.82) 0.003 0.75 (0.56–1.01) 0.061
South South 2.23 (1.81–2.73) <0.001 1.42 (1.12–1.81) 0.004
South West 1.09 (0.89–1.33) 0.401 0.56 (0.43–0.73) <0.001