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Table 3 Statistical correlations with a reluctance to care for a hypothetical patient infected with HIV or HBV / HCV (n = 992)

From: Reluctance to care for patients with HIV or hepatitis B / C in Japan

  HIV HBV / HCV
  Univariate Adjusted Univariate Adjusted
  OR (95 % CI) OR (95 % CI) OR (95 % CI) OR (95 % CI)
Age (y)         
 20–29 1.00 - 1.00 - 1.00 - 1.00 -
 30–39 1.07 (0.82–1.40) 0.97 (0.78–1.22) 0.62 (0.42–0.91) 0.75 (0.52–1.06)
 40–49 1.17 (0.90–1.50) 1.06 (0.86–1.31) 0.68 (0.47–0.97) 0.89 (0.65–1.22)
 50+ 1.32 (1.03–1.71) 1.21 (1.00–1.48) 0.62 (0.40–0.97) 0.86 (0.59–1.26)
Anxiety regarding the potential infection risk from patients with HIV or HBV / HCV
 Agree 6.51 (5.13–8.25) 3.58 (2.75–4.68) 10.4 (6.78–15.9) 6.36 (3.96–10.2)
 Somewhat agree 4.10 (3.21–5.24) 2.92 (2.26–3.77) 4.06 (2.60–6.32) 2.94 (1.87–4.63)
 Disagree/somewhat disagree/do not know 1.00 - 1.00 - 1.00 - 1.00 -
Confident that I could protect myself from infection when caring for patients infected with HIV or HBV / HCV
 Agree 0.51 (0.37–0.71) 0.75 (0.59–0.95) 0.42 (0.27–0.65) 0.59 (0.40–0.88)
 Somewhat agree 0.81 (0.69–0.95) 1.01 (0.88–1.15) 0.47 (0.34–0.63) 0.64 (0.49–0.85)
 Disagree/somewhat disagree/do not know 1.00 - 1.00 - 1.00 - 1.00 -
Have you cared for a patient infected with HIV or HBV/HCV during the past 1 year?
 Yes 1.03 (0.82–1.29) 0.95 (0.80–1.16) 0.76 (0.56–1.00) 0.75 (0.58–0.97)
 No 1.00 - 1.00 - 1.00 - 1.00 -
 Do not know/do not want to answer 0.75 (0.60–0.95) 0.97 (0.80–1.16) 0.40 (0.21–0.76) 0.59 (0.34–1.03)
Do you believe that a patient infected with HIV or HBV / HCV might be a homosexual, have multiple sexual partners or be a drug user?
 Agree 4.86 (4.09–5.79) 2.77 (2.28–3.36) 6.81 (5.22–8.89) 2.81 (2.03–3.88)
 Somewhat agree 3.61 (3.01–4.34) 2.51 (2.08–3.04) 5.06 (3.93–6.51) 3.34 (2.56–4.38)
 Disagree/somewhat disagree/do not know 1.00 - 1.00 - 1.00 - 1.00 -
  1. OR odds ratio, CI confidence interval, HBV hepatitis B virus, HCV hepatitis C virus