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Table 1 Published research studies in this review

From: “Is it realistic?” the portrayal of pregnancy and childbirth in the media

Author (year) Title Method Focus of Study Place
Declercq et al. (2006) [26] Listening to Mothers II: Report of the Second National U.S. Survey of Women’s Childbearing Experiences. Quantitative Survey Experiences and perspectives of childbearing women. USA
Declercq et al. (2013) [50] Listening to Mothers III: Report of the Third National U.S. Survey of Women’s Childbearing Experiences. Quantitative Survey Experiences and perspectives of childbearing women. USA
Handfield et al. (2006) [47] What do obstetricians think about media influences on their patients? Quantitative Survey Australian obstetricians’ perceptions of sources of patient information about birth/ pregnancy, particularly media & Internet. Australia
Stoll et al. (2014) [38] Why are young Canadians afraid of birth? A survey of childbirth fear and birth preferences among Canadian University Students Quantitative Survey Examines attitudes towards birth in young adults who have been socialised into a medicalised birth culture Canada
Stoll & Hall (2013) [37] Vicarious Birth Experiences and Childbirth Fear: Does it Matter How Young Canadian Women Learn about Birth? Quantitative Survey Explores predictors of childbirth fear for young women Canada
Clement (1997) [31] Childbirth on Television. Qualitative Textual Analysis Analysis of labour and birth on British television (1993) UK
Hine (2013) [46] The Changing Shape Of Pregnancy In New Zealand Women's Magazines: 1970–2008, Qualitative Content & Textual Analysis The discursive construction of pregnancy in women’s magazines over 38-year period. New Zealand
Holdsworth -Taylor (2010) [40] Portrayals of childbirth: An examination of Internet based Media. Qualitative Thematic Analysis Portrayal of childbirth in online media. Canada
Kline (1997) [4] Midwife attended births in prime-time television: Craziness, controlling bitches, and ultimate capitulation. Qualitative Textual Analysis Portrayal of midwives in television series. USA
Kline (2010) [24] Poking Fun at Midwifery on Prime-time Television: The Rhetorical Implications of Burlesque Frames in Humorous Shows Qualitative Framing Analysis Assesses rhetorical implications of humorous depictions of midwifery model care in prime-time television. USA
Longhurst (2009) [48] YouTube: a new space for birth? Feminist, post-structuralist geographical perspective Explores trend of mothers sharing their birthing experiences on You-Tube. USA
MacLean (2014) [23] What to expect when you’re expecting? Representations of birth in British Newspapers Qualitative Content analysis Newspaper messages of women’s first-person accounts of birth UK
McIntyre et al. (2011) [45] Shaping public opinion on the issue of childbirth; a critical analysis of articles published in an Australian newspaper Critical Discourse Analysis In-depth analysis of childbearing in one single national newspaper Australia
Morris & McInerney (2010) [6] Media representations of pregnancy and childbirth: An analysis of reality television programs in the US. Qualitative Textual Analysis Analysis of reality-based birth television shows. USA
Sears & Godderis (2011) [5] Roar Like a Tiger on TV? Constructions of women and childbirth in reality TV. Qualitative Thematic analysis Analysis of ‘Baby Story’ (reality television show). USA
Song et al. (2012) [7] Women, Pregnancy, and Health Information Online: The Making of Informed Patients and Ideal Mothers. Qualitative Grounded Theory Explores how women use Internet to manage (a) their pregnancies & (b) doctor–patient relationships. USA
Williams & Fahy (2004) [44] Whose interests are served by the portrayal of childbearing women in popular magazines for women? Qualitative Textual Analysis In-depth analysis of childbearing in popular magazine's for women. Australia