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Table 3 Descriptive statistics of participant demographics and primary outcomes

From: Can a community health worker administered postnatal checklist increase health-seeking behaviors and knowledge?: evidence from a randomized trial with a private maternity facility in Kiambu County, Kenya

Panel A. Participant demographic and household characteristics
   Standard of care CHW call CHW visit p-values
   n % / mean n % / mean n % / mean CHW call vs. Standard of care CHW visit vs. Standard of care
Women
Age 31 26.7 40 25.6 31 25.9 0.23 0.38
Education
  Primary 4 14 % 8 21 % 4 15 % 0.59 0.49
  Secondary 15 52 % 18 47 % 16 59 %
  Post-Secondary 10 35 % 12 32 % 7 26 %
  n 19   38   27    
Marital Status
  Married 30 97 % 35 85 % 30 97 % 0.08 >0.99
  Single 1 3 % 6 15 % 1 3 %
  n 31   41   31    
Parity
  Primiparous 9 29 % 8 20 % 9 30 % 0.36 0.94
  Multiparous 22 71 % 33 81 % 21 70 %
  n 31   41   31    
Employed in Past 12 Months 16 70 % 21 66 % 11 41 % 0.76 0.04
  n 23   32   27    
Assigned to postnatal contraception subsidy treatment through concurrent randomized trial 6 19 % 14 34 % 7 22 % 0.16 0.81
  n 31   41   32    
Husband
Husband Education
  Primary 0 0 % 4 14 % 2 8 % 0.12 0.11
  Secondary 15 65 % 13 45 % 10 39 %
  Post-Secondary 8 35 % 12 41 % 14 54 %
  n 23   29   26    
Household
Improved toilet facility 24 92 % 34 97 % 24 86 % 0.43 0.45
  n 26   35   28    
Toilet shared among more than one house 9 39 % 15 47 % 10 39 % 0.58 0.96
  n 23   32   26    
Improved drinking water source 18 90 % 27 96 % 23 92 % 0.41 0.82
  n 20   28   25    
Panel B. Primary outcomes
   Standard of Care CHW call CHW visit p-values
   n % / mean n % / mean n % / mean CHW call vs. Standard of care CHW visit vs. Standard of care
Complications detected and referred, collected through programmatic CHW data
Maternal or newborn complications detected and referred by CHW    4 10 % 3 9 %   
  n    41   32    
Postpartum care-seeking practices for mother and newborn, reported during day 10 survey
Referrals made and acted upon    1 4 % 2 11 %   
  n    23   18    
Facility-based maternal postpartum care sought 2 8 % 4 13 % 6 22 % 0.62 0.17
  n 24   32   27    
Days postpartum maternal care sought, among maternal care-seekers 2 8.5 4 7.5 6 5.8 0.57 0.09
Facility-based newborn postpartum care sought 23 96 % 30 94 % 26 96 % 0.73 0.93
  n 24   32   27    
Days postpartum newborn care sought, among newborn care-seekers 23 5.9 30 3.8 26 4.1 0.02 0.04
Postnatal health problems and responses at day 10 post-delivery
Any maternal health problem reported 3 13 % 2 6 % 9 33 % 0.48 0.08
  n 24   32   27    
Maternal problem reported and action taken 2 8 % 2 6 % 3 11 % 0.77 0.74
  n 24   32   27    
Any newborn health problem reported 5 21 % 8 25 % 13 48 % 0.72 0.04
  n 24   32   27    
Newborn problem reported and action taken 3 13 % 5 16 % 8 30 % 0.74 0.14
  n 24   32   27    
Self-reported knowledge of postnatal danger signs and health practices at day 10
Number of maternal danger signs named 24 3.8 32 4.1 27 4.3 0.46 0.23
Can name 3 or more maternal danger signs 19 79 % 26 81 % 23 85 % 0.85 0.56
  n 24   32   27    
Number of newborn danger signs named 24 3.3 32 3.7 27 3.6 0.41 0.47
Can name 3 or more newborn danger signs 19 79 % 26 81 % 23 85 % 0.36 0.13
  n 24   32   27    
Can name 2 or more hand washing best practices 10 42 % 19 59 % 10 37 % 0.20 0.74
  n 24   32   27    
Can name 2 or more cord care practices 7 29 % 13 41 % 5 19 % 0.38 0.39
  n 24   32   27    
Can name 3 or more newborn thermal care practices 7 29 % 11 34 % 8 30 % 0.68 0.97
  n 24   32   27    
Can name 3 or more sources of dietary protein 7 29 % 12 38 % 11 41 % 0.52 0.40
  n 24   32   27    
Self-reported postnatal health practices at day 10
Applied water or nothing to umbilical stump 17 71 % 26 81 % 23 85 % 0.38 0.23
  n 24   32   27    
Appropriate newborn thermal care practiced 17 71 % 26 81 % 23 85 % 0.84 0.93
  n 24   32   27    
Exclusive breastfeeding 24 100 % 32 100 % 27 100 % -- --
  n 24   32   27    
Breastfed 3 or more times in past 8 hours 23 96 % 27 84 % 25 93 % 0.14 0.63
  n 24   32   27    
Self-reported postnatal health practices at 9 weeks post-delivery
At least 1 dose of polio and pentavalent vaccines 15 88 % 22 96 % 18 95 % 0.43 0.50
  n 17   23   19    
Use of family planning method 5 29 % 14 61 % 8 42 % 0.05 0.44
  n 17   23   19    
Exclusive breastfeeding 17 100 % 21 91 % 19 100 % 0.16 --
  n 17   23   19    
Breastfed 3 or more times in past 8 hours 15 88 % 22 96 % 18 95 % 0.43 0.50
  n 17   23   19    
Indices of postnatal health knowledge and practices at 10 days and 9 weeks post-delivery
Index of health knowledge at 10 days post-delivery 24 3.17 32 3.56 27 3.15 0.37 0.96
Index of health practices at 10 days and 9 weeks post-delivery 15 6.6 20 7.1 17 7.2 0.16 0.06