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Table 4 Postnatal care-seeking practices for mother and newborn reported during day 10 survey

From: Can a community health worker administered postnatal checklist increase health-seeking behaviors and knowledge?: evidence from a randomized trial with a private maternity facility in Kiambu County, Kenya

Panel A. Maternal postnatal care seeking
  (1) (2) (3) (4)
  Facility-based maternal postnatal care sought Facility-based maternal postnatal care sought Days postnatal maternal care sought, among maternal care-seekers Days postnatal maternal care sought, among maternal care-seekers
  Unadjusted Adjusted Unadjusted Adjusted
Estimation Type Logistic Logistic OLS OLS
CHW phone call 1.57 1.63 −1 −1.05
  (0.26 - 9.49) (0.23 - 11.8) (−4.52 - 2.52) (−10.3 - 8.23)
CHW home visit 3.14 7.44* −2.67* −2.27
  (0.56 - 17.5) (0.77 - 71.5) (−5.66 - 0.33) (−14.2 - 9.65)
Standard of care arm mean 0.08 0.08 8.5 8.5
p-value for test of call = visit 0.330 0.105 0.417 0.769
p-value for test of joint significance of call and visit 0.366 0.161 0.173 0.833
Controls? N Y N Y
R-squared    0.159 0.438
Observations 83 79 12 10
Panel B. Newborn postnatal care seeking
  (1) (2) (3) (4)
  Facility-based newborn postnatal care sought‡‡ Facility-based newborn postnatal care sought Days postnatal newborn care sought, among newborn care-seekers Days postnatal newborn care sought, among newborn care-seekers
  Unadjusted Adjusted Unadjusted Adjusted
Estimation Type Logistic Logistic OLS OLS
CHW phone call 0.65 0.47 −2.04** −2.27***
  (0.055 - 7.76) (0.054 - 4.10) (−3.65 - -0.42) (−3.89 - -0.64)
CHW home visit 1.13 0.51 −1.79** −1.78*
  (0.066 - 19.4) (0.022 - 11.8) (−3.45 - -0.14) (−3.69 - 0.13)
Mean of standard of care arm 0.96 0.96 5.86 5.86
p-value for test of call = visit 0.663 0.942 0.714 0.537
p-value for test of joint significance of call and visit 0.891 0.791 0.041 0.025
Controls? N Y N Y
R-squared    0.098 0.195
Observations 83 40 79 75
  1. *** p < 0.01, ** p < 0.05, * p < 0.1
  2. The binary covariate for receipt of a postnatal contraception subsidy is dropped due to collinearity.
  3. ‡‡ The reduced number of observations in Panel B (columns 1 and 2) is due to the low variation in the outcomes across treatment arms, with 94.3 % of the total sample reporting having sought newborn care by the day 10 survey. In model (1), the coefficient on the CHW phone call intervention cannot be estimated due to this lack of variation in the outcome relative to the standard of care arm. Likewise, no adjusted model is presented in column (2) due to the reduced number of observations when covariates are included in the model. Notes: Odds ratios generated via logistic regression (models 1, 2) are presented with 95 % confidence intervals constructed with robust standard errors. Maternal care seeking (panel A, columns 1 and 2) is defined as a binary variable, taking on the value of 1 if the woman reports seeking facility-based maternal-related care. Infant care seeking (panel B, columns 1 and 2) is defined as a binary variable, taking on the value of 1 if the woman reports attending a child wellness visit. OLS coefficients are presented for models 3 and 4. Days postnatal maternal care sought (panel A, columns 3 and 4) is defined as a continuous variable of the number of days that maternal care was sought after the date of delivery. Days postnatal infant care sought (panel B, columns 3 and 4) is likewise defined as a continuous variable of the number of days that care for the infant was sought after the date of delivery. For all adjusted regressions (columns 2 and 4), individual level covariates include the female participant’s age (coded as an ordinal variable with values 18–25, 26–30, 31–35, or 36–40 years old), marital status (defined as a binary single or married), a binary variable indicating whether the female respondent was employed at any time in the past 12 months, a binary variable indicating whether the participant was enrolled in a concurrent randomized trial and received a voucher (cost subsidy) for postnatal family planning services, and a binary variable indicating whether the participant attended one or more antenatal care visits at a Jacaranda Health facility