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Table 6 Self-reported postnatal health knowledge and practices

From: Can a community health worker administered postnatal checklist increase health-seeking behaviors and knowledge?: evidence from a randomized trial with a private maternity facility in Kiambu County, Kenya

  (1) (2) (3) (4)
  Index of postnatal health knowledge, as reported at day 10 post-delivery Index of postnatal health knowledge, as reported at day 10 post-delivery Index of postnatal health practices, as reported at day 10 and 9 weeks post-delivery Index of postnatal health practices, as reported at day 10 and 9 weeks post-delivery
  Unadjusted Adjusted Unadjusted Adjusted
Estimation Type OLS OLS OLS OLS
CHW Call 0.40 0.57 0.45 0.29
  (−0.48 - 1.28) (−0.37 - 1.50) (−0.18 - 1.08) (−0.47 - 1.06)
CHW Home Visit −0.019 0.11 0.58* 0.45
  (−0.82 - 0.78) (−0.75 - 0.97) (−0.012 - 1.17) (−0.25 - 1.15)
Mean of standard of care arm 3.2 3.2 6.6 6.6
p-value for test of call = visit 0.323 0.331 0.649 0.650
p-value for test of joint significance of call and visit 0.564 0.457 0.148 0.430
Controls? N Y N Y
R-squared 0.016 0.045 0.073 0.158
Observations 83 79 52 49
  1. *** p < 0.01, ** p < 0.05, * p < 0.1
  2. Notes: Coefficients generated via OLS regression (models 1–4) are presented with 95 % confidence intervals constructed with robust standard errors. Postnatal health knowledge (models 1 and 2) is assessed as an ordinal variable generated using self-reported knowledge collected during the day 10 postnatal survey; knowledge is assessed as a summative index with a maximum of 6 points and a minimum of 0 points, where each point represents knowledge of the following 6 postnatal health topics: 1) ability to name 3 or more maternal danger signs; 2) ability to name 3 or more infant danger signs; 3) ability to name 2 or more hand washing best practices; 4) ability to name 2 or more; 5) ability to name 3 or more recognized newborn thermal care practices; 6) and ability to name 3 or more sources of maternal dietary protein. Postnatal health practices (models 3 and 4) assessed as an ordinal variable generated using self-reported practices collected during the day 10 and 9 week postnatal surveys; health behaviors are assessed as a summative index with a maximum of 8 points and a minimum of 0 points, where 4 points represent 4 key health practices reported at 10 day (exclusive breastfeeding, breastfed 3 or more times in the past 8 hours, appropriate newborn thermal care practices, and water or nothing applied to umbilical cord stump) and 4 points represent 4 key health practices reported at 9 weeks (exclusive breastfeeding, breastfed 3 or more times in the past 8 hours, use of postnatal contraception, infant has received at least one dose of polio and pentavalent vaccines). For all adjusted regressions (columns 2 and 4), individual level covariates include the female participant’s age (coded as an ordinal variable with values 18–25, 26–30, 31–35, or 36–40 years old), marital status (defined as a binary single or married), a binary variable indicating whether the female respondent was employed at any time in the past 12 months, a binary variable indicating whether the participant was enrolled in a concurrent randomized trial and received a voucher (cost subsidy) for postnatal family planning services, and a binary variable indicating whether the participant attended one or more antenatal care visits at a Jacaranda Health facility