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Table 1 Inclusion criteria

From: Intermittent fetal heart rate monitoring using a fetoscope or hand held Doppler in rural Tanzania: a randomized controlled trial

• In labor (i.e. cervical dilatation ≥3 cm with uterine contractions)
• Singleton
• Cephalic presentation
• Gestation age ≥ 36 weeks
• Cervical dilatation ≤7 cm
• Normal FHR at admission
• Able to give verbal consent