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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of women with and without psychosis at delivery hospitalizations (N=23,507,597)

From: Adverse obstetric and neonatal outcomes complicated by psychosis among pregnant women in the United States

Characteristics Women P-value
With psychosis (N = 164,261) Without psychosis (N = 23,343,336)  
n % n %
Age, mean (SD), year 26.58 (1.89) 27.68 (1.73) <0.0001
Age categories, year
 12-18 11,707 7.13 1,230,611 5.27 <0.0001
 19-24 57,315 34.89 6,536,844 28.00
 25-29 43,579 26.53 6,569,694 28.14
 30-34 31,906 19.42 5,595,824 23.97
 35-39 15,497 9.43 2,758,774 11.82
 40-55 4,258 2.59 651,590 2.79
Race
 White 92,341 56.22 10,269,706 43.99 <0.0001
 Black 24,594 14.97 2,756,003 11.81
 Hispanic 14,217 8.66 4,546,581 19.48
 Asian or Pacific Islander 1,761 1.07 1,041,542 4.46
 Native American 1,118 0.68 176,796 0.76
 Other 4,115 2.51 979,229 4.19
 Missing 26,115 15.90 3,573,478 15.31
Median household income quartiles
 Quartile 1 (poorest) 55,646 33.88 6,240,956 26.74 <0.0001
 Quartile 2 43,865 26.70 5,759,232 24.67
 Quartile 3 36,093 21.97 5,646,070 24.19
 Quartile 4 (wealthiest) 24,844 15.13 5,248,090 22.48
 Missing 3,812 2.32 448,988 1.92
Expected primary payer
 Medicare 13,505 8.22 150,033 0.64 <0.0001
 Medicaid 100,197 61.00 10,016,502 42.91
 Private insurance 42,336 25.77 11,702,370 50.13
 Self-pay 3,387 2.06 735,501 3.15
 No charge 169 0.10 49,118 0.21
 Other 4,446 2.71 647,978 2.78
 Missing 221 0.13 41,835 0.18
Smoking 47,428 28.87 1,179,021 5.05 <0.0001
Alcohol/substance abuse 25,747 15.67 340,451 1.46 <0.0001
Non-psychotic depression 26,388 16.06 436,901 1.87 <0.0001
Pregnancy-related hypertension 17325 10.55 1859437 7.97 <0.0001
Pregestational diabetes 4,609 2.81 217,748 0.93 <0.0001
Preexisting hypertension 7,659 4.66 463,822 1.99 <0.0001
Infection 12,187 7.42 1,095,394 4.69 <0.0001
Previous cesarean delivery 29,066 17.70 3,804,658 16.30 <0.0001
  1. Individual cell counts may not add up to the global cell counts because of rounding and the differences arising from variance computations when using the discharge weights.
  2. Percentages may not add up to 100% due to rounding or missing data.
  3. Abbreviations: SD standard deviation