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Table 4 Process indicators measuring BIS at baseline and follow-up in 134 health centers

From: The effect of implementation strength of basic emergency obstetric and newborn care (BEmONC) on facility deliveries and the met need for BEmONC at the primary health care level in Ethiopia

Indicator Baseline Follow-up Change between baseline and follow-up
Change (95% CI) p-value
Practice to infection-prevention measures (%)      
 Facility compound clean 80.5 85.8 5.3 (−0.0, 0.2) .262
 Cleaning done after attending birth 85.1 93.3 8.2 (0.0, 0.2) .032
 Availability of disinfectant solutions 92.5 100 7.5 (0.0, 0.1) .001
 Disinfectant solution prepared & used per standard 88.0 96.3 8.3 (0.0, 0.2) .014
 Availability of container for disposing of sharps 95.5 97.8 2.3 (−0.0, 0.1) .256
 Providers’ practice hand washing 37.0 79.1 42.1 (0.3, 0.5) <.001
 Quality mechanism in place for sterilization 63.9 79.9 16 (0.1, 0.3) .002
 Staff use personal protective barrier 58.2 84.3 26.1 (0.2, 0.4) <.001
 Availability of light source for vaginal procedure 53.0 62.7 9.7 (−0.0, 0.2) .144
 Enough physical space 66.9 64.9 −2.0 (−0.1, 0.1) .782
 Good illumination and ventilation 89.5 79.9 −9.6 (−0.2, − 0.0) .030
 Easily washable delivery floor 70.7 77.6 6.9 (−0.0, 0.2) .207
Average number of infection-prevention amenities 8.7 10.0 1.3 (0.9, 1.8) <.001
Removal of retained products of conception 57.5 71.6 14.1 (0.0, 0.2) <.05
Manual removal of placenta 72.4 75.4 3.0 (−0.1, 0.1) .565
Assisted vaginal birth 28.4 59.0 30.6 (0.2, 0.4) <.001
Neonatal resuscitation 77.6 78.4 0.8 (−0.1, 0.1) .873