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Table 1 Elements of the review question according to the acronym SPIDER

From: Women’s experiences of continuous support during childbirth: a meta-synthesis

Elements of spider Elements of spider as applied to this study
S - Sample Patients; mothers; women who had experienced childbirth
PI - Phenomenon of interest Continuous support, intra-partum care; labour/labour support; companionship; doula; one-to-one care; emotional support
D - Design Studies using qualitative and/or mixed research methods (with a qualitative component)
E - Evaluation Experiences; perceptions; opinions; views
R - Research type Semi-structured, in-depth or focus group interviews, case studies