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Table 1 Demographic and Practice Characteristics of Responders and Non-responders

From: Do provider birth attitudes influence cesarean delivery rate: a cross-sectional study

  Responders (n) Percent Non-Responders (n) Percent p-value
N 209   191   
Discipline      0.35 a
 MFM 22 10.5 19 9.9  
 OB 101 48.3 120 62.8  
 Family Medicine 53 25.4 46 24.1  
 CNM 16 7.7 3 2.1  
 LM 17 8.1 3 1.6  
Gender      0.29 a
 Female 132 63.2 102 53.4  
 Male 77 36.8 89 46.6  
Experience      0.49
  < 5 years 35 18.3 28 13.9  
 5–15 years 58 30.4 70 34.7  
 16–25 years 46 24.1 43 21.3  
  > 25 years 52 27.2 61 30.2  
Hospital NICU Level      0.64
 Basic Nursery 50 23.9 57 29.8  
 Community Nursery 82 39.2 73 38.2  
 Intermediate Nursery 36 17.2 33 17.3  
 Regional Nursery 20 9.6 25 13.1  
Continuous Variables Mean SD Mean SD p-value
 Hospital Birth Volumeb 5203.9 3835.9 2666.8 2012.8 < 0.0001
 Hospital NTSV CS Rateb 25.30 4.80 26.80 6.10 < 0.01
  1. Abbreviations: MFM maternal fetal medicine, OB obstetricians, Family Medicine family medicine physicians, CNM certified nurse midwives, LM licensed midwives, NICU neonatal intensive care unit, NTSV CS nulliparous, term, singleton, vertex cesarean section
  2. aP-value includes physicians only. Midwives were all female except for one participant and had exceptionally high response rate
  3. bCalculated for provider’s primary delivering hospital site