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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of 204 Female and Entertainment Sex Workers (FESWs) in the YWHS-II study, Phnom Penh, Cambodia

From: High pregnancy incidence and low contraceptive use among a prospective cohort of female entertainment and sex workers in Phnom Penh, Cambodia

Characteristic Total (%) (n = 204) Participants who were pregnant at least once over follow-up Yes (%) (n = 41) p-value
Socio-demographics, biological and individual factors
Age (years)
 16–18 14 (6.9) 2 (14.3) 0.997
 19–24 67 (32.8) 20 (29.9) 0.010
 25–29 123 (60.3) 19 (15.5)
Income, last month ($USD)
  ≤ 150 128 (63.1) 26 (20.3) 0.061
  > 150 75 (36.9) 15 (20.0)
Education
 No schooling 44 (21.6) 7 (15.9) 0.610
 1–6 years 119 (58.3) 30 (25.2) 0.096
 7+ years 41 (20.1) 4 (9.8)
Marital status
 Legally married 8 (3.9) 1 (12.5) 0.321
 Living together, not legally married 67 (32.8) 17 (25.4) 0.026
 Single, widowed, divorced or separated 129 (63.2) 23 (17.8)
Number of previous children (continuous) Median, IQR 3 (2–4) 3 (2–3) 0.079
 HIV status
 HIV positive 33 (16.2) 3 (7.3) 0.086
 HIV negative 171 (83.8) 38 (92.7)
Days drank alcohol, last month 15 (3.5–29.0) 24 (3–30) 0.226
ATS use, last 3 months (self-report) 55 (27.0) 12 (21.8) 0.569
Condom self-efficacy (median score; IQR) 21 (18–24) 20 (17–21) 0.035
Hormonal contraceptive use, last 3 months 22 (10.8) 1 (4.6) 0.088
Interpersonal factors
 Used condom at last sex (yes) 128 (62.8) 23 (18.0) 0.020
 Condom use, last client (yes) 117 (90.0) 23 (19.7) 0.772
 Condom use, last non-paying partner 11 (14.9) 0 (0.0) 0.393
 Number of sexual partners, last month Median, IQR 4 (2–10) 3 (2–10) 0.790
 Any client physical or sexual violence, last year 53 (26.0) 14 (26.4) 0.189
 Any intimate partner physical or sexual violence, last year 41 (20.1) 9 (22.0) 0.957
Sex work factors
 Entertainment venue-based sex work, last month 131 (67.2) 24 (18.3) 0.241
 Non-entertainment venue-based sex work, last month 64 (32.8) 16 (25.0)
 Had a manager 145 (71.4) 29 (20.0) 0.172