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Table 1 Characteristics of women and men in couples meeting inclusion criteria: n(%)

From: Male partner attendance at antenatal care and adherence to antenatal care guidelines: secondary analysis of 2011 Ethiopian demographic and health survey data

Characteristics n (%) Men and women with children 0–2 with partners who attended at least one ANC session (included in study)
Women included in study Men who attended ANC Men who did not attend ANC Sig differences between men
Age (Mean SD) 28.47 (6.72) 34 (7.37) 35.34 (8.02) ***
Number of children (Mean SD) 4.08 (2.62) 3.45 (2.74) 4.23 (2.76) ***
Education
 No school 776 (54%) 152 (27%) 228 (36%) ***
 Primary 498 (35%) 263 (47%) 314 (49%) NS
 Secondary 103 (7%) 78 (14%) 57 (9%) ***
 Higher 61 (4%) 69 (12%) 44 (7%) ***
Wealth Index
 Poorest quintile 217 (15%) 52 (9%) 104 (16%) ***
 Poor quintile 217 (15%) 72 (13%) 97 (15%) NS
 Average quintile 241 (17%) 77 (14%) 109 (17%) NS
 Rich quintile 273 (19%) 100 (18%) 127 (20%) NS
 Richest quintile 484 (34%) 260 (46%) 206 (32%) ***
Residence
 Addis Ababa 121 (8%) 77 (14%) 44 (7%) ***
 Other urban 308 (21%) 154 (27%) 136 (21%) ***
 Rural 1009 (70%) 330 (59%) 463 (72%) ***
Healthcare decisions
 Woman alone 226 (16%) 108 (19%) 87 (14%) *
 Shared 939 (65%) 356 (64%) 445 (69%) *
 Man alone 271 (19%) 96 (17%) 110 (17%) NS
Religion
 Orthodox 613 (43%) 276 (49%) 279 (43%) ***
 Catholic 10 (1%) 3 (0%) 6 (1%) NS
 Protestant 256 (18%) 78 (14%) 106 (16%) NS
 Muslim 548 (38%) 199 (35%) 245 (38%) NS
 Traditional 9 (1%) 1 (0%) 1 (0%)  
Media exposure
 At least once per week 495 (34%) 416 (74%) 385 (60%) ***
 Does not have access to TV, radio or newspaper 943 (66%) 145 (26%) 258 (40%) ***
Attitudes towards “wife beating” (women)
 Acceptable in at least one condition 944 (66%) 333 (59%) 436 (68%) **
 Never acceptable 494 (34%) 228 (41%) 207 (32%) **
  1. *** sig at p < .001 ** sig at p < .01 * sig at p < .05