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Table 1 Comparison of demographic characteristics of participants

From: ‘Elective caesarean section at 38–39 weeks gestation compared to > 39 weeks on neonatal outcomes: a prospective cohort study

Parameters Elective caesarean delivery between 38 and 39 weeks gestation (n = 1002) Elective caesarean delivery after 39 weeks gestation (n = 1084) P-value
Maternal age (year) 27.77 ± (5.29) 27.27 ± (5.74) 0.041
Parity 1.89 ± (0.70) 1.90 ± (0.73) 0.675
Cause of cesarean
Repeat cesarean 648(64.7) 489(45.1) < 0.001
Breach and transverse presentation 42(4.2) 108(10)
Cephalopelvic Disproportion (CPD) 38(3.8) 58(5.4)
Maternal request 217(21.7) 384(35.4)
Other reasons 57(5.7) 45(4.2)
Birth weight of neonate 3190.77 ± (394.19) 3327.54 ± (377.70) < 0.001
Height of neonate 49.57 ± (1.93) 50.17 ± (2.02) < 0.001
Head circumference 34.47 ± (1.46) 34.59 ± (1.90) 0.113
Apgar min 1 8.97 ± (0.21) 8.99 ± (0.14) 0.033
Apgar min 5 9.99 ± (0.10) 10.00 ± (0.06) 0.529
NICU admission 22(2.2) 8(0.7) 0.004
Sepsis 6(0.6) 4(0.4) 0.329
Respiratory distress syndrome 7(0.7) 3(0.3) 0.141
TTN 15(1.5) 5(0.5) 0.013
  1. Values given as mean ± SD(standard deviation), or number (percentage) unless otherwise indicated