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Table 1 Characteristics of included studies reporting on implemented fistula prevention interventions

From: Barriers and facilitators to preventive interventions for the development of obstetric fistulas among women in sub-Saharan Africa: a systematic review

Author(s) Year Country/ region of study Preventive intervention implemented Phase applicable to intervention
Bacon 2003 sub-Saharan Africa Improving access to adequate medical care; Health education programs All three phases
Banke-Thomas et al. 2014 sub-Saharan Africa Community and Facility based interventions All three phases
Fistula carea 2010 Guinea (Kissidougou) Village safe motherhood committees; Financial partnerships; Maternal waiting homes; and Market Towns and Local Resource Mobilisation project All three phases
Fistula care (a)a 2011 Sierra Leone Aberdeen’s Women’s Centre: counselling, family planning, and a maternity care unit for pregnancy care, labour and delivery, and postpartum recovery (services to prevent fistulas) All three phases
Fistula care (b)a 2011 sub-Saharan Africa Partograph Phase 3: Receiving adequate care
Fistula carea 2013 Uganda Partograph Phase 3: Receiving adequate care
Gerten et al. 2009 Nigeria Patient educational brochure at a vesicovaginal hospital Phase 1: Decision to seek care
Levin and Kabagema 2011 sub-Saharan Africa Partograph Phase 3: Receiving adequate care
Markos and Bogale 2015 Ethiopia (Bale zone) Partograph Phase 3: Receiving adequate care
Miller et al. 2005 sub-Saharan Africa Fistula prevention centres; Community-based preventions; Maternal waiting homes; and Training course about screening for risk of fistula All three phases
Nathan et al. 2009 West Africa Femme pour Femme, community healthcare insurance plan All three phases
Ngoma 2011 Zambia EmOC and Safe Motherhood Actions Groups (SMAGs); and Income generating activities (IGA) All three phases
Ojanuga 1991 Nigeria Community health education programs; organizing transport for pregnant women in need; and training traditional birth attendants All three phases
Ojanuga 1992 Nigeria Health education programs Phase 1: Decision to seek care
Seim et al. 2014 Niger Community-mobilization program that arrange transport for women who experience complicated labours All three phases
Tahzib 1989 Nigeria Safe motherhood initiatives not specified but aimed at encouraging hospital deliveries, and the improvement of the perception of facilities by women seeking help All three phases
Turan et al. 2007 Eritrea Transport of women to healthcare facilities Phase 2: Accessibility of care
UNFPA 2013 sub-Saharan Africa Global midwifery program; All-terrain motorbikes (Women and Health Alliance International) Phase 2: Accessibility of care; Phase 3: Receiving adequate care
  1. aA six-year fistula repair and prevention program managed and implemented by Engender Health from 2007 to 2013