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Table 1 Sociodemographic characteristics in the 2011 and 2016 Ethiopia Demographic and Health Surveys (EDHS), among married/in sexual union women of reproductive age

From: Association between skilled maternal healthcare and postpartum contraceptive use in Ethiopia

Variables EDHS 2011 (N = 2545) EDHS 2016 (N = 2386)
Frequency Percent Frequency Percent
Age in years
 15-24 833 32.7 745 31.2
 25-34 1203 47.3 1194 50.0
 35+ 509 20.0 447 18.7
Mean age (SD) 27.68(±6.5) 27.63(6.3)
Place of residence
 Urban 332 13.1 287 12.0
 Rural 2213 86.9 2099 88.0
Region
 Tigray 139 5.5 168 7.0
 Affar 22 0.9 23 1.0
 Amhara 543 21.3 449 18.8
 Oromiya 1136 44.6 1041 43.6
 Somali 79 3.1 114 4.8
 Benishangul-Gumuz 29 1.1 26 1.1
 Southern Nation, Nationalities and People Region 525 20.6 488 20.4
 Gambela 7 0.3 5 0.2
 Harari 6 0.2 6 0.3
 Addis Ababa 53 2.1 58 2.4
 Dire Dawa 8 0.3 9 0.4
Religion
 Orthodox 908 35.7 792 33.2
 Muslim 979 38.5 1042 43.7
 Protestant 586 23.0 475 19.9
 Other/missing 72 2.8 78 3.3
Highest educational status
 None 1703 66.9 1417 59.4
 Primary 745 29.3 755 31.6
 Secondary+ 97 3.8 215 9.0
Partner highest educational status
 None 1223 48.0 1056 44.3
 Primary 1100 43.2 969 40.6
 Secondary+ 223 8.7 361 15.1
Women occupation
 Not working 1355 53.2 1476 61.9
 Working but not paid/paid in kind only 512 20.1 585 24.5
 paid with cash 678 26.6 326 13.7
Wealth index
 Low 1160 45.6 1085 45.5
 Middle 539 21.2 491 20.6
 High 846 33.2 810 33.9