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Table 2 Reproductive health related characteristics in the 2011 and 2016 Ethiopia Demographic and Health Surveys (EDHS), among married/in sexual union women of reproductive age

From: Association between skilled maternal healthcare and postpartum contraceptive use in Ethiopia

Variables EDHS 2011 (N = 2545) EDHS 2016 (N = 2386)
Frequency Percent Frequency Percent
Number of living children
 No child 24 0.9 15 0.6
 1-2 child 942 37.0 939 39.4
 3-4 child 746 29.3 653 27.4
 5+ 834 32.8 780 32.7
Birth order
 First 393 15.4 480 20.1
 2-3 birth 848 33.3 749 31.4
 4-5 birth 565 22.2 510 21.4
 6+ 739 29.0 647 27.1
Family size concordance
 Both want same 982 38.6 998 41.8
 Husband wants more 662 26.0 580 24.3
 Husbands wants fewer 187 7.4 147 6.1
 Do not know/Missing 714 28.1 662 27.7
Fertility preference
 wants soon 151 5.9 187 7.8
 wants later 1387 54.5 1298 54.4
 wants no more 892 35.1 760 31.9
 Undecided 115 4.5 142 5.9
Women’s decision-makingb
 Yes 1272 50.0 1623 68.0
 No 1273 50.0 764 32.0
Knowledge of modern contraceptive
 Yes 2463 96.8 2351 98.5
 No 82 3.2 35 1.5
Visited by FP worker in the last 12 months
 Yes 416 16.3 778 32.6
 No 2129 83.7 1608 67.4
Exposure to family planning mediaa
 Yes 689 27.1 592 24.8
 No 1856 72.9 1794 75.2
  1. aExposure to family planning media was determined by whether a woman reported she has heard/read about family planning from radio/television/newspaper/ mobile SMS. bWomen’s decision-making was defined by whether a woman reported that she herself has made decisions (or made a joint decision with her partner) about her own health care, large household purchase, or visiting families/relatives