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Table 4 Multivariate logistic regression examining factors associated with postpartum contraceptive use in Ethiopia, 2011 (n = 2545)

From: Association between skilled maternal healthcare and postpartum contraceptive use in Ethiopia

Variables PPFP Use OR (95% CI)
No Yes COR 95% CI AOR 95% CI
Wealth index
 Low 1091 69 1   1  
 Middle 479 61 2.01 1.16 - 3.50 1.55 0.89 - 2.72
 High 597 249 6.61 4.20 - 10.39 2.74*** 1.53 - 4.92
Age category (in years)
 15-24 642 191 1   1  
 25-34 1055 148 0.47 0.32 - 0.69 0.82 0.51 - 1.31
 35+ 470 39 0.27 0.17 - 0.46 0.75 0.32 - 1.76
Residence
 Urban 186 147 6.77 4.55-10.07 1.89 0.93 - 3.84
 Rural 1981 231 1   1 0.27-1.13
Access to family planning media
 No 1654 203 1   1  
 Yes 513 175 2.79 1.94-4.00 1.41 0.91- 2.18
Women educational status
 No education 1564 139 1   1  
 Primary 547 198 4.07 2.92 - 5.68 1.83* 1.22 - 2.77
 Secondary or above 56 41 8.19 4.15 - 16.17 1.02 0.42 - 2.48
Partner education
 No education 1120 102 1   1  
 Primary 893 207 2.54 1.67 - 3.84 1.23 0.73 - 2.06
 Secondary or above 154 69 4.92 2.69 - 8.99 0.62 0.27 - 1.40
Women occupation
 Not working 1147 208 1   1  
 Working but not paid 463 463 0.59 0.35 - 0.99 0.79 0.46 - 1.36
 Working for paid 557 121 1.20 0.83 - 1.74 1.08 0.73 - 1.60
Number of living children
 No child 23 1 1   1  
 1-2 child 703 239 8.69 1.89 - 40.03 2.68 0.40 - 17.83
 3-4 child 652 93 3.64 0.77 - 17.40 1.35 0.19 - 9.78
 5+ child 769 45 1.45 0.30 - 6.95 0.89 0.10 - 7.73
Decision making
 Not participated 1136 136 1   1  
 Participated 1031 242 1.95 1.34 - 2.85 1.40 0.90 - 2.16
Fertility Preference
 Wants soon 144 7 1   1  
 Wants later 1176 211 3.78 1.18 - 12.10 2.59 0.64 - 10.56
 Wants no more 749 143 4.01 1.20 - 13.42 5.90* 1.43 - 24.44
 undecided 98 17 3.69 0.93 - 14.52 4.58 1.00 - 21.02
Place of delivery
 Home 2009 264 1   1  
 Health facility 158 115 5.53 3.68 - 8.30 0.63 0.18 - 2.19
Skilled attendance at birth
 No 2055 301 1   1  
 Yes 112 77 6.13 4.24 - 8.88 2.07 0.69- 6.24
Skilled antenatal care
 No 1564 161 1   1  
 Yes 603 217 3.48 2.40 - 5.03 1.16 0.72- 1.89
Skilled postnatal care
 No 2059 303 1   1  
 Yes 108 75 4.74 3.02 - 7.45 1.86 0.94- 3.65
Birth order
 First 297 96 1   1  
 2-3 653 195 0.93 0.60 - 1.43 1.09 0.61 - 1.94
 4-5 515 50 0.31 0.17 - 0.54 0.59 0.25 - 1.41
 6+ 702 37 0.16 0.08 - 0.30 0.50 0.16 -1.60
  1. PPFP Postpartum Family Planning, COR Crude Odds Ratio, AOR Adjusted Odds Ratio *** p < 0.001, *p < 0.05