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Table 2 Relationship between socio-demographic characteristics and antenatal care attendance

From: Uptake of skilled attendance along the continuum of care in rural Western Kenya: selected analysis from Global Health initiative survey-2012

Attended ANC Yes (n) No (n) Odds Ratio (95% CI) P-value
Marital status [Married/Married & cohabiting] / [Single/Divorced/Separated/widowed] 5452 96.9% 173 3.1% 1.5(1.1-2.0) 0.02*
1337 95.6% 62 4.4%
Married / Widowed 3475 96.6% 123 3.4% 2.4(1.5-3.9) 0.001*
235 92.2% 20 7.8%
Level of Education At least primary level / None at all 3334 97.2% 94 2.8% 5.3(1.8- 15.3) 0.01*
27 87.1% 4 12.9%
  707 97.5% 18 2.5% 5.8 (1.8-18.4) 0.01*
Secondary/ no education 27 87.1% 4 12.9%
Primary/ No education 2560 97.1% 76 2.9% 5.0 (1.7-14.6) 0.01*
27 87.1% 4 12.9%
Mother’s age-category ≤20 years / ≥21 years 901 97.1% 27 2.9% 1.1(0.8-1.2) 0.8*
6026 96.5% 216 3.5%
21-34 / ≥35 years 4865 97.1% 147 2.9% 1.8 (1.3-2.4) 0.001*
1269 94.9% 68 5.1%
≤20 / ≥35 years 924 97.2% 27 2.8% 1.8 (1.2-2.9) 0.01*
1269 94.9% 68 5.1%
≤34 / ≥35 years 5789 97.1% 174 2.9% 1.8 (1.4-2.4) 0.001*
1270 94.9% 69 5.2%
  1. Reference: *Fischer’s Exact
  2. Denominators vary for each variable depending on missing data