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Table 3 Relationship between socio-demographic characteristics, antenatal care attendance and the place of delivery

From: Uptake of skilled attendance along the continuum of care in rural Western Kenya: selected analysis from Global Health initiative survey-2012

Type of delivery HF Delivery (n) Home delivery n) Odd Ratio (95% CI) P-value
ANC attendance Yes / No 3623 51.4% 3427 48.6% 4.5 (3.2-6.1) 0.001*
47 19.1% 198 5.5%
ANC place HF vs Home 3598 51.5% 3390 49.0% 2.9 (1.4-5.8) 0.002*
11 26.8% 30 73.2%
ANC provider Skilled/non-skilled 3568 51.5% 3349 48.4% 1.5 (1.1-2.1) 0.02*
55 41.2% 78 58.7%
Gestation at first visit 1-3 months / 7-9 months 597 63.7% 340 36.3% 3.0 (2.5-3.7) 0.001#
311 36.8% 535 63.2%
1-3 months / 4-6 months 597 63.7% 340 36.3% 1.6 (1.4-1.9) 0.001#
2463 51.3% 2335 48.7%
4-6 months / 7-9 months 2463 51.3% 2335 48.7% 1.8 (1.6-2.2) 0.001*
311 36.8% 535 63.2%
1-6 months /7-9 months 3083 53.5% 2675 46.5% 1.9 (1.7-2.2) 0.001*
318 37.3% 535 62.7%
Number of ANC visits ≥4 / ≤3 visits 1899 55.6% 1341 41.4% 1.8 (1.7-2.1) 0.001#
1298 43.1% 1714 56.9%
Education At least Primary level / None 2122 57.0% 1602 43.0% 2.1 (1.1-4.1) 0.04*
14 38.9% 22 61.1%
Post-secondary / Primary 66 91.7% 6 8.3% 10.1 (4.4-23.4) 0.001*
1485 52.1% 1363 47.9%
Post-secondary / Secondary 66 91.7% 6 8.3% 4.6 (2.0-10.8) 0.001*
553 70.5% 232 29.65
Secondary / Primary 556 70.6% 232 29.4% 2.2 (1.8-2.6) 0.001#
1500 52.4% 1363 47.6%
Marital status Married / Widowed 1955 50.6% 1906 49.4% 1.9 (1.5-2.4) 0.0001*
95 35.2% 175 64.8%
Single / Widowed 695 59.7% 469 40.3% 2.8 (2.1-3.6) 0.001*
94 34.9% 175 65.1%
Married / [Married/Cohabiting] 1955 50.6% 1906 49.4% 1.3 (1.1-1.4) 0.001#
958 44.9% 1174 55.1%
Single / Married 695 59.7% 469 40.3% 1.5 (1.3-1.7) 0.001#
1929 50.3% 1906 49.7%
Mother’s Age < 20 years / ≥20 years 418 60.1% 277 39.9% 1.6 (1.3-1.8) 0.001*
3487 48.9% 3641 51.1%
≤34 / ≥35 3386 52.6% 3047 47.4% 1.7 (1.5-2.0) 0.001#
556 39.0% 871 61.0%
≤ 20 / ≥ 35 years 612 59.7% 413 40.3% 2.3 (2.0-2.8) 0.001#
551 38.8% 871 61.3%
Type of birth assistant Skilled Non-skilled   
ANC place HF /Home 3864 54.6% 3211 45.4% 2.2 (1.2-4.1) 0.02*
15 35.7% 182 64.3%
Number of ANC visits ≥4 / ≤3 visits 2063 62.9% 1218 37.1% 2.0 (1.8-2.2) 0.001#
1395 45.7% 1657 54.3%
Gestation at 1st visit 4-6 months / 7-9 months 2691 55.1% 2190 44.9% 1.8 (1.6-2.2) 0.001*
344 39.6% 524 60.4%
ANC provider Skilled / non-skilled 3850 55.0% 3150 45.0% 2.8 (1.9-4.0) 0.001*
42 30.4% 96 69.6%
Education Post-secondary/ primary education 64 87.7% 9 12.3% 5.9 (2.9-12.0) 0.001*
1615 54.5% 1350 45.5%
  1. Reference: *Fischer’s Exact, #Chi Square
  2. Denominators vary for each variable depending on missing data