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Table 2 Demographic characteristics of Study Participants, PQCC Study 2016

From: Companionship during facility-based childbirth: results from a mixed-methods study with recently delivered women and providers in Kenya

  Survey respondents FGD respondents
No. % No. %
Total N 877 100.0 58 100
Age
 15 to 19 years 162 18.5 4 6.9
 20 to 29 years 511 58.3 38 65.5
 30 to 48 years 204 23.3 16 27.6
Marital status
 Single 140 16.0 5 8.6
 Partnered/Cohabiting 3 0.3 1 1.7
 Married 687 78.3 51 87.9
 Widowed 35 4.0 1 1.7
 Divorced/Separated 12 1.4   
Number of births
 1.0 290 33.1 6 10.3
 2.0 185 21.1 8 13.8
 3.0 163 18.6 11 19
 4 or more 239 27.3 33 56.9
Education
 No school/Primary 495 56.4 46 79.3
 Post-primary/Vocational/Secondary 271 30.9 10 17.2
 College or above 111 12.7 2 3.4
Literacy: writing
 No, cannot write 31 3.5 1 1.7
 Yes, but with some difficulty 141 16.1 38 65.5
 Yes, Very well 705 80.4 19 32.8
Literacy: reading
 No, cannot read 37 4.2 4 6.9
 Yes, but with some difficulty 129 14.7 34 58.6
 Yes, Very well 711 81.1 20 34.5
Employed
 No 658 75.0 39 67.2
 Yes 219 25.0 19 32.8
Wealth Quintile
 Poorest 190 21.7   
 Poorer 190 21.7   
 Middle 135 15.4   
 Richer 172 19.6   
 Richest 190 21.7   
Delivery facility type
 Gov’t Hospital 404 46.1 27 49.1
 Gov’t Health Center 362 41.3 23 41.8
 Mission/Private facility 111 12.7 5 9.1
Delivery provider
 Nurse/Midwife 656 74.8   
 Doctor 83 9.5   
 Clinical Officer 54 6.2   
 Non-skilled attendant 21 2.4   
 1plus skilled providers 63 7.2   
Delivery Provider sex
 Male 329 37.5   
 Female 514 58.6   
 Both 34 3.9   
Labor/Delivery complications
 No 721 82.21   
 Yes 156 17.79   
Past facility delivery
 No 342 39.0 11 19
 Yes 535 61.0 47 81
Trimester of first ANC
 First trimester 261 29.8   
 Second trimester 536 61.3   
 Third Trimester 72 8.2   
 No ANC 6 0.7   
Number of ANC visits
 No ANC 6 0.7   
 Less than 4 281 32.2   
 4 or 5 485 55.6   
 6 plus 100 11.5   
Tribe
 Luo 584 66.6 38 65.5
 Kuria 208 23.7 12 20.7
 Other 85 9.7 8 13.8
Religion
 Catholic 242 27.6 12 20.7
 Protestant/Pentecostal 191 21.8 22 37.9
 Seventh Day Adventist 263 30.0 14 24.1
 Other Christian 166 18.9 7 12.1
 Muslim/other religion 15 1.7 3 5.2
Postpartum length
 Less than 1 week 75 8.6 1 1.7
 1 week or more 802 91.4 57 98.3
Place of Interview
 Health facility 356 40.6 10 17.2
 In the community/a home 521 59.4 48 82.8
  1. Blanks were not asked of FGD respondents; PQCC is Perceived Quality of Care during Childbirth