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Table 5 Bivariate distribution of selected birth companionship variables by demographic and facility characteristics, PQCC study 2016

From: Companionship during facility-based childbirth: results from a mixed-methods study with recently delivered women and providers in Kenya

  Desire for labor support Desire for delivery support
Last birth Future birth Last birth Future birth
No. % No. % No. % No. %
Age
 15 to 19 years 128 82.1 108 66.7* 73 46.8* 58 35.8
 20 to 29 years 352 79.6 327 64 144 32.6 137 26.9
 30 to 48 years 142 82.6 139 68.1 55 32 62 30.4
Marital Status
 Not married 149 86.6 125 65.8** 81 47.1** 65 34.2*
 Currently married 473 79.1 449 65.4 191 31.9 192 28
Number of births
 1.0 233 85 190 65.5 122 44.5** 108 37.2*
 2.0 134 82.2 132 71.4 55 33.7 51 27.7
 3.0 105 76.6 103 63.2 38 27.7 37 22.7
 4 or more 150 76.5 149 62.3 57 29.1 61 25.5
Education
 No school/Primary 336 79.1 321 64.8 137 32.2 141 28.5
 Post-primary/Vocational/Secondary 202 82.1 182 67.2 99 40.2 78 28.8
 College or above 84 84.8 71 64 36 36.4 38 34.2
Literacy
 No, cannot write 22 78.6 22 71 9 32.1* 6 19.4
 Yes, but with some difficulty 94 77 98 69.5 28 23 38 27
 Yes, Very well 506 81.6 454 64.4 235 37.9 213 30.3
Household wealth
 Poorest/poorer 260 78.3 251 66.1 103 31** 104 27.4
 Middle 98 80.3 86 63.7 39 32 33 24.4
 Richer/richest 264 83.5 237 65.5 130 41.1 120 33.1
Employed
 No 452 78.5* 402 61.1*** 200 34.7 184 28
 Yes 170 87.6 172 78.5 72 37.1 73 33.3
Pregnancy complication
 No 346 80.3 309 62.6* 149 34.6 144 29.1
 Yes 276 81.4 265 69.2 123 36.3 113 29.6
Birth Complication
 No 517 81.7 468 64.9 224 35.4 210 29.2
 Yes 105 76.6 106 67.9 48 35 47 30.1
Past health facility delivery
 No 265 84.1 225 65.8 140 44.4*** 122 35.7**
 Yes 357 78.5 349 65.2 132 29 135 25.3
ANC visits
 Less than 4 196 81.7 190 66.2 86 35.8 91 31.8
 4 plus 423 80.4 380 65 183 34.8 163 27.9
Tribe
 Luo 407 82.1 370 63.4 167 33.7 143 24.5***
 Kuria 160 80 146 70.2 71 35.5 79 38
 Other 55 74.3 58 68.2 34 45.9 35 41.2
Religion
 Catholic 180 83.7 155 64 73 34 72 29.8**
 Protestant/Pentecostal 129 78.2 125 65.4 72 43.6 77 40.5
 Seventh Day Adventist 196 83.1 184 70 79 33.5 73 27.8
 Other Christian 108 76.1 102 61.4 44 31 33 19.9
 Muslim/other religion 9 75 8 53.3 4 33.3 2 13.3
Delivery facility type
 Gov’t Hospital 294 79.7 256 63.4 133 36 130 32.3
 Gov’t Health Center 251 82.8 248 68.5 100 33 89 24.6
 Mission/Private facility 77 78.6 70 63.1 39 39.8 38 34.2
Delivery provider
 Nurse/Midwife 472 81.7 438 66.8 211 36.5 203 31
 Doctor/Clinical Officer 94 79 84 61.3 35 29.4 29 21.2
 Non-skilled attendant 13 76.5 14 66.7 6 35.3 6 28.6
 1plus skilled providers 43 76.8 38 60.3 20 35.7 19 30.2
Delivery Provider sex
 Male 235 79.9 215 65.3 108 36.7 104 31.6
 Female 363 81.6 337 65.6 152 34.2 141 27.5
 Both 24 77.4 22 64.7 12 38.7 12 35.3
Accompanied by
 Partner
  No 443 85.7*** 412 66 209 40.4*** 195 31.3*
  Yes 179 70.8 162 64 63 24.9 62 24.5
 Mother-in-law
  No 419 79.8 401 63.4 180 34.3 168 26.6*
  Yes 203 82.9 173 70.6 92 37.6 89 36.5
 Mother
  No 534 79.9 504 65* 224 33.5* 221 28.6
  Yes 88 86.3 70 68.6 48 47.1 36 35.3
 Sister/Sister in law
  No 476 78.9* 456 64.2 212 35.2 206 29.1
  Yes 146 87.4 118 70.7 60 35.9 51 30.5
 Friend/Neighbor
  No 532 81.1 504 66.1 222 33.8* 222 29.1
  Yes 90 78.9 70 61.4 50 43.9 35 30.7
 Facility crowded
  No or a few times 428 83.4* 400 67.7 185 36.1 174 29.4
  Most or all the time 192 75.3 172 60.6 86 33.7 82 28.9
 Allowed continuous labor support
  No or a few times 162 68.1*** 146 53.1***     
  Most or all the time 459 86.6 428 71.3     
 Allowed continuous delivery support
  No or a few times      137 25.4*** 139 22.8***
  Most or all the time      135 58.4 118 44.2
Total 622 80.8 574 65.5 272 35.3 257 29.3
  1. * p < 0.05 ** p < 0.01 *** p < 0.001